Gender, religious involvement, and HIV/AIDS prevention in Mozambique

Victor Agadjanian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using survey and semi-structured interview data collected in various religious congregations in urban and rural areas of Mozambique, this study analyzes how gender differences in perceptions of HIV/AIDS and preventive behavior are mediated by religious involvement. Logistic regression is employed to examine the effects of gender and of the interactions between gender and type of denomination - "mainline" (Catholic and Presbyterian) or "healing" (Assembly of God, Zionist, and Apostolic) - on female and male members' exposure to HIV/AIDS-related prevention messages, knowledge and perception of risks, and practice of prevention. The analysis detects women's disadvantage on several measures of knowledge and prevention but also suggests that gender differences are less pronounced among members of "mainline" churches. The semi-structured interview data further highlight how gender differences are shaped in different religious environments. Although the potential of faith-based institutions in combating the HIV/AIDS pandemic is undeniable, policy-makers need to heed important differences among these institutions when devising ways to harness this potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1529-2539
Number of pages1011
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume61
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

Fingerprint

Mozambique
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
human immunodeficiency virus
gender-specific factors
gender
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS
HIV
denomination
interview
faith
god
Interviews
urban area
rural area
church
logistics
Pandemics
regression
Administrative Personnel

Keywords

  • Gender
  • HIV/AIDS prevention
  • Mozambique
  • Religion
  • Sub-Saharan Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Development
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Gender, religious involvement, and HIV/AIDS prevention in Mozambique. / Agadjanian, Victor.

In: Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 61, No. 7, 10.2005, p. 1529-2539.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Agadjanian, Victor. / Gender, religious involvement, and HIV/AIDS prevention in Mozambique. In: Social Science and Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 61, No. 7. pp. 1529-2539.
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