Gemini planet imager observations of the au microscopii debris disk

Asymmetries within one arcsecond

Jason J. Wang, James R. Graham, Laurent Pueyo, Eric L. Nielsen, Max Millar-Blanchaer, Robert J De Rosa, Paul Kalas, S. Mark Ammons, Joanna Bulger, Andrew Cardwell, Christine Chen, Eugene Chiang, Jeffrey K. Chilcote, René Doyon, Zachary H. Draper, Gaspard Duchêne, Thomas M. Esposito, Michael P. Fitzgerald, Stephen J. Goodsell, Alexandra Z. Greenbaum & 25 others Markus Hartung, Pascale Hibon, Sasha Hinkley, Li Wei Hung, Patrick Ingraham, James E. Larkin, Bruce Macintosh, Jerome Maire, Franck Marchis, Christian Marois, Brenda C. Matthews, Katie M. Morzinski, Rebecca Oppenheimer, Jennifer Patience, Marshall D. Perrin, Abhijith Rajan, Fredrik T. Rantakyrö, Naru Sadakuni, Andrew Serio, Anand Sivaramakrishnan, Rémi Soummer, Sandrine Thomas, Kimberly Ward-Duong, Sloane J. Wiktorowicz, Schuyler G. Wolff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) observations of AU Microscopii, a young M dwarf with an edge-on, dusty debris disk. Integral field spectroscopy and broadband imaging polarimetry were obtained during the commissioning of GPI. In our broadband imaging polarimetry observations, we detect the disk only in total intensity and find asymmetries in the morphology of the disk between the southeast (SE) and northwest (NW) sides. The SE side of the disk exhibits a bump at 1″ (10 AU projected separation) that is three times more vertically extended and three times fainter in peak surface brightness than the NW side at similar separations. This part of the disk is also vertically offset by 69 ± 30 mas to the northeast at 1″ when compared to the established disk midplane and is consistent with prior Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array and Hubble Space Telescope/Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph observations. We see hints that the SE bump might be a result of detecting a horizontal sliver feature above the main disk that could be the disk backside. Alternatively, when including the morphology of the NW side, where the disk midplane is offset in the opposite direction ∼50 mas between 0.″4 and 1.″2, the asymmetries suggest a warp-like feature. Using our integral field spectroscopy data to search for planets, we are 50% complete for ∼4 MJup planets at 4 AU. We detect a source, resolved only along the disk plane, that could either be a candidate planetary mass companion or a compact clump in the disk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL19
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume811
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

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debris
planets
asymmetry
planet
spectroscopy
polarimetry
slivers
broadband
planetary mass
clumps
Hubble Space Telescope
spectrographs
brightness
telescopes

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • instrumentation: adaptive optics
  • methods: data analysis
  • planet-disk interactions
  • stars: individual (AU Mic)
  • techniques: high angular resolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Wang, J. J., Graham, J. R., Pueyo, L., Nielsen, E. L., Millar-Blanchaer, M., Rosa, R. J. D., ... Wolff, S. G. (2015). Gemini planet imager observations of the au microscopii debris disk: Asymmetries within one arcsecond. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 811(2), [L19]. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/811/2/L19

Gemini planet imager observations of the au microscopii debris disk : Asymmetries within one arcsecond. / Wang, Jason J.; Graham, James R.; Pueyo, Laurent; Nielsen, Eric L.; Millar-Blanchaer, Max; Rosa, Robert J De; Kalas, Paul; Ammons, S. Mark; Bulger, Joanna; Cardwell, Andrew; Chen, Christine; Chiang, Eugene; Chilcote, Jeffrey K.; Doyon, René; Draper, Zachary H.; Duchêne, Gaspard; Esposito, Thomas M.; Fitzgerald, Michael P.; Goodsell, Stephen J.; Greenbaum, Alexandra Z.; Hartung, Markus; Hibon, Pascale; Hinkley, Sasha; Hung, Li Wei; Ingraham, Patrick; Larkin, James E.; Macintosh, Bruce; Maire, Jerome; Marchis, Franck; Marois, Christian; Matthews, Brenda C.; Morzinski, Katie M.; Oppenheimer, Rebecca; Patience, Jennifer; Perrin, Marshall D.; Rajan, Abhijith; Rantakyrö, Fredrik T.; Sadakuni, Naru; Serio, Andrew; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand; Soummer, Rémi; Thomas, Sandrine; Ward-Duong, Kimberly; Wiktorowicz, Sloane J.; Wolff, Schuyler G.

In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 811, No. 2, L19, 01.10.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, JJ, Graham, JR, Pueyo, L, Nielsen, EL, Millar-Blanchaer, M, Rosa, RJD, Kalas, P, Ammons, SM, Bulger, J, Cardwell, A, Chen, C, Chiang, E, Chilcote, JK, Doyon, R, Draper, ZH, Duchêne, G, Esposito, TM, Fitzgerald, MP, Goodsell, SJ, Greenbaum, AZ, Hartung, M, Hibon, P, Hinkley, S, Hung, LW, Ingraham, P, Larkin, JE, Macintosh, B, Maire, J, Marchis, F, Marois, C, Matthews, BC, Morzinski, KM, Oppenheimer, R, Patience, J, Perrin, MD, Rajan, A, Rantakyrö, FT, Sadakuni, N, Serio, A, Sivaramakrishnan, A, Soummer, R, Thomas, S, Ward-Duong, K, Wiktorowicz, SJ & Wolff, SG 2015, 'Gemini planet imager observations of the au microscopii debris disk: Asymmetries within one arcsecond', Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 811, no. 2, L19. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/811/2/L19
Wang, Jason J. ; Graham, James R. ; Pueyo, Laurent ; Nielsen, Eric L. ; Millar-Blanchaer, Max ; Rosa, Robert J De ; Kalas, Paul ; Ammons, S. Mark ; Bulger, Joanna ; Cardwell, Andrew ; Chen, Christine ; Chiang, Eugene ; Chilcote, Jeffrey K. ; Doyon, René ; Draper, Zachary H. ; Duchêne, Gaspard ; Esposito, Thomas M. ; Fitzgerald, Michael P. ; Goodsell, Stephen J. ; Greenbaum, Alexandra Z. ; Hartung, Markus ; Hibon, Pascale ; Hinkley, Sasha ; Hung, Li Wei ; Ingraham, Patrick ; Larkin, James E. ; Macintosh, Bruce ; Maire, Jerome ; Marchis, Franck ; Marois, Christian ; Matthews, Brenda C. ; Morzinski, Katie M. ; Oppenheimer, Rebecca ; Patience, Jennifer ; Perrin, Marshall D. ; Rajan, Abhijith ; Rantakyrö, Fredrik T. ; Sadakuni, Naru ; Serio, Andrew ; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand ; Soummer, Rémi ; Thomas, Sandrine ; Ward-Duong, Kimberly ; Wiktorowicz, Sloane J. ; Wolff, Schuyler G. / Gemini planet imager observations of the au microscopii debris disk : Asymmetries within one arcsecond. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2015 ; Vol. 811, No. 2.
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abstract = "We present Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) observations of AU Microscopii, a young M dwarf with an edge-on, dusty debris disk. Integral field spectroscopy and broadband imaging polarimetry were obtained during the commissioning of GPI. In our broadband imaging polarimetry observations, we detect the disk only in total intensity and find asymmetries in the morphology of the disk between the southeast (SE) and northwest (NW) sides. The SE side of the disk exhibits a bump at 1″ (10 AU projected separation) that is three times more vertically extended and three times fainter in peak surface brightness than the NW side at similar separations. This part of the disk is also vertically offset by 69 ± 30 mas to the northeast at 1″ when compared to the established disk midplane and is consistent with prior Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array and Hubble Space Telescope/Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph observations. We see hints that the SE bump might be a result of detecting a horizontal sliver feature above the main disk that could be the disk backside. Alternatively, when including the morphology of the NW side, where the disk midplane is offset in the opposite direction ∼50 mas between 0.″4 and 1.″2, the asymmetries suggest a warp-like feature. Using our integral field spectroscopy data to search for planets, we are 50{\%} complete for ∼4 MJup planets at 4 AU. We detect a source, resolved only along the disk plane, that could either be a candidate planetary mass companion or a compact clump in the disk.",
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AU - Pueyo, Laurent

AU - Nielsen, Eric L.

AU - Millar-Blanchaer, Max

AU - Rosa, Robert J De

AU - Kalas, Paul

AU - Ammons, S. Mark

AU - Bulger, Joanna

AU - Cardwell, Andrew

AU - Chen, Christine

AU - Chiang, Eugene

AU - Chilcote, Jeffrey K.

AU - Doyon, René

AU - Draper, Zachary H.

AU - Duchêne, Gaspard

AU - Esposito, Thomas M.

AU - Fitzgerald, Michael P.

AU - Goodsell, Stephen J.

AU - Greenbaum, Alexandra Z.

AU - Hartung, Markus

AU - Hibon, Pascale

AU - Hinkley, Sasha

AU - Hung, Li Wei

AU - Ingraham, Patrick

AU - Larkin, James E.

AU - Macintosh, Bruce

AU - Maire, Jerome

AU - Marchis, Franck

AU - Marois, Christian

AU - Matthews, Brenda C.

AU - Morzinski, Katie M.

AU - Oppenheimer, Rebecca

AU - Patience, Jennifer

AU - Perrin, Marshall D.

AU - Rajan, Abhijith

AU - Rantakyrö, Fredrik T.

AU - Sadakuni, Naru

AU - Serio, Andrew

AU - Sivaramakrishnan, Anand

AU - Soummer, Rémi

AU - Thomas, Sandrine

AU - Ward-Duong, Kimberly

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AU - Wolff, Schuyler G.

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N2 - We present Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) observations of AU Microscopii, a young M dwarf with an edge-on, dusty debris disk. Integral field spectroscopy and broadband imaging polarimetry were obtained during the commissioning of GPI. In our broadband imaging polarimetry observations, we detect the disk only in total intensity and find asymmetries in the morphology of the disk between the southeast (SE) and northwest (NW) sides. The SE side of the disk exhibits a bump at 1″ (10 AU projected separation) that is three times more vertically extended and three times fainter in peak surface brightness than the NW side at similar separations. This part of the disk is also vertically offset by 69 ± 30 mas to the northeast at 1″ when compared to the established disk midplane and is consistent with prior Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array and Hubble Space Telescope/Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph observations. We see hints that the SE bump might be a result of detecting a horizontal sliver feature above the main disk that could be the disk backside. Alternatively, when including the morphology of the NW side, where the disk midplane is offset in the opposite direction ∼50 mas between 0.″4 and 1.″2, the asymmetries suggest a warp-like feature. Using our integral field spectroscopy data to search for planets, we are 50% complete for ∼4 MJup planets at 4 AU. We detect a source, resolved only along the disk plane, that could either be a candidate planetary mass companion or a compact clump in the disk.

AB - We present Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) observations of AU Microscopii, a young M dwarf with an edge-on, dusty debris disk. Integral field spectroscopy and broadband imaging polarimetry were obtained during the commissioning of GPI. In our broadband imaging polarimetry observations, we detect the disk only in total intensity and find asymmetries in the morphology of the disk between the southeast (SE) and northwest (NW) sides. The SE side of the disk exhibits a bump at 1″ (10 AU projected separation) that is three times more vertically extended and three times fainter in peak surface brightness than the NW side at similar separations. This part of the disk is also vertically offset by 69 ± 30 mas to the northeast at 1″ when compared to the established disk midplane and is consistent with prior Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array and Hubble Space Telescope/Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph observations. We see hints that the SE bump might be a result of detecting a horizontal sliver feature above the main disk that could be the disk backside. Alternatively, when including the morphology of the NW side, where the disk midplane is offset in the opposite direction ∼50 mas between 0.″4 and 1.″2, the asymmetries suggest a warp-like feature. Using our integral field spectroscopy data to search for planets, we are 50% complete for ∼4 MJup planets at 4 AU. We detect a source, resolved only along the disk plane, that could either be a candidate planetary mass companion or a compact clump in the disk.

KW - circumstellar matter

KW - instrumentation: adaptive optics

KW - methods: data analysis

KW - planet-disk interactions

KW - stars: individual (AU Mic)

KW - techniques: high angular resolution

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