Gamma-ray observations of Nova Sgr 2015 No. 2 with INTEGRAL

Thomas Siegert, Alain Coc, Laura Delgado, Roland Diehl, Jochen Greiner, Margarita Hernanz, Pierre Jean, Jordi José, Paolo Molaro, Moritz M.M. Pleintinger, Volodymyr Savchenko, Sumner Starrfield, Vincent Tatischeff, Christoph Weinberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Context. INTEGRAL observed Nova Sgr 2015 No. 2 (V5668 Sgr) around the time of its optical emission maximum on 21 March 2015. Studies at UV wavelengths showed spectral lines of freshly produced 7 Be. This could also be measurable in gamma rays at 478 keV from the decay to 7 Li. Novae are also expected to synthesise 22 Na which decays to 22 Ne, emitting a 1275 keV photon. About one week before the optical maximum, a strong gamma-ray flash on timescales of hours is expected from short-lived radioactive nuclei such as 13 N and 18 F. These nuclei are β + -unstable, and should yield emission of up to 511 keV, but this emission has never been observed from any nova. Aims. The SPectrometer on INTEGRAL (SPI) pointed towards V5668 Sgr by chance. We use these observations to search for possible gamma-ray emission of decaying 7 Be, and to directly measure the synthesised mass during explosive burning. We also aim to constrain possible burst-like emission days to weeks before the optical maximum using the SPI anticoincidence shield (ACS), i.e. at times when SPI was not pointing to the source. Methods. We extracted spectral and temporal information to determine the fluxes of gamma-ray lines at 478 keV, 511 keV, and 1275 keV. Using distance and radioactive decay, a measured flux converts into the 7 Be amount produced in the nova. The SPI-ACS rates are analysed for burst-like emission using a nova model light curve. For the obtained nova flash candidate events, we discuss possible origins using directional, spectral, and temporal information. Results. No significant excess for the 478 keV, the 511 keV, or the 1275 keV lines is found. Our upper limits (3σ) on the synthesised 7 Be and 22 Na mass depend on the uncertainties of the distance to V5668 Sgr: the 7 Be mass is constrained to less than 4.8 × 10− 9 (dkpc −1 ) 2 M, and the 22 Na mass to less than 2.4 × 10− 8 (dkpc −1 ) 2 M. For the 7 Be mass estimate from UV studies, the distance to V5668 Sgr must be greater than 1.2 kpc (3σ). During the three weeks before the optical maximum, we find 23 burst-like events in the ACS rate, of which 6 could possibly be associated with V5668.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA107
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume615
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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anticoincidence detectors
gamma rays
spectrometers
spectrometer
bursts
shield
flash
decay
novae
radioactive decay
nuclei
light curve
light emission
line spectra
explosive
wavelength
timescale
photons
estimates
wavelengths

Keywords

  • Abundances
  • Cataclysmic variables
  • Gamma rays: general
  • Novae
  • Nuclear reactions
  • Nucleosynthesis
  • Techniques: spectroscopic
  • White dwarfs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Siegert, T., Coc, A., Delgado, L., Diehl, R., Greiner, J., Hernanz, M., ... Weinberger, C. (2018). Gamma-ray observations of Nova Sgr 2015 No. 2 with INTEGRAL. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 615, [A107]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201732514

Gamma-ray observations of Nova Sgr 2015 No. 2 with INTEGRAL. / Siegert, Thomas; Coc, Alain; Delgado, Laura; Diehl, Roland; Greiner, Jochen; Hernanz, Margarita; Jean, Pierre; José, Jordi; Molaro, Paolo; Pleintinger, Moritz M.M.; Savchenko, Volodymyr; Starrfield, Sumner; Tatischeff, Vincent; Weinberger, Christoph.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 615, A107, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Siegert, T, Coc, A, Delgado, L, Diehl, R, Greiner, J, Hernanz, M, Jean, P, José, J, Molaro, P, Pleintinger, MMM, Savchenko, V, Starrfield, S, Tatischeff, V & Weinberger, C 2018, 'Gamma-ray observations of Nova Sgr 2015 No. 2 with INTEGRAL', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 615, A107. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201732514
Siegert T, Coc A, Delgado L, Diehl R, Greiner J, Hernanz M et al. Gamma-ray observations of Nova Sgr 2015 No. 2 with INTEGRAL. Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2018 Jan 1;615. A107. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201732514
Siegert, Thomas ; Coc, Alain ; Delgado, Laura ; Diehl, Roland ; Greiner, Jochen ; Hernanz, Margarita ; Jean, Pierre ; José, Jordi ; Molaro, Paolo ; Pleintinger, Moritz M.M. ; Savchenko, Volodymyr ; Starrfield, Sumner ; Tatischeff, Vincent ; Weinberger, Christoph. / Gamma-ray observations of Nova Sgr 2015 No. 2 with INTEGRAL. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2018 ; Vol. 615.
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abstract = "Context. INTEGRAL observed Nova Sgr 2015 No. 2 (V5668 Sgr) around the time of its optical emission maximum on 21 March 2015. Studies at UV wavelengths showed spectral lines of freshly produced 7 Be. This could also be measurable in gamma rays at 478 keV from the decay to 7 Li. Novae are also expected to synthesise 22 Na which decays to 22 Ne, emitting a 1275 keV photon. About one week before the optical maximum, a strong gamma-ray flash on timescales of hours is expected from short-lived radioactive nuclei such as 13 N and 18 F. These nuclei are β + -unstable, and should yield emission of up to 511 keV, but this emission has never been observed from any nova. Aims. The SPectrometer on INTEGRAL (SPI) pointed towards V5668 Sgr by chance. We use these observations to search for possible gamma-ray emission of decaying 7 Be, and to directly measure the synthesised mass during explosive burning. We also aim to constrain possible burst-like emission days to weeks before the optical maximum using the SPI anticoincidence shield (ACS), i.e. at times when SPI was not pointing to the source. Methods. We extracted spectral and temporal information to determine the fluxes of gamma-ray lines at 478 keV, 511 keV, and 1275 keV. Using distance and radioactive decay, a measured flux converts into the 7 Be amount produced in the nova. The SPI-ACS rates are analysed for burst-like emission using a nova model light curve. For the obtained nova flash candidate events, we discuss possible origins using directional, spectral, and temporal information. Results. No significant excess for the 478 keV, the 511 keV, or the 1275 keV lines is found. Our upper limits (3σ) on the synthesised 7 Be and 22 Na mass depend on the uncertainties of the distance to V5668 Sgr: the 7 Be mass is constrained to less than 4.8 × 10− 9 (dkpc −1 ) 2 M, and the 22 Na mass to less than 2.4 × 10− 8 (dkpc −1 ) 2 M. For the 7 Be mass estimate from UV studies, the distance to V5668 Sgr must be greater than 1.2 kpc (3σ). During the three weeks before the optical maximum, we find 23 burst-like events in the ACS rate, of which 6 could possibly be associated with V5668.",
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AU - Hernanz, Margarita

AU - Jean, Pierre

AU - José, Jordi

AU - Molaro, Paolo

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