From B-modes to quantum gravity and unification of forces

Lawrence Krauss, Frank Wilczek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is commonly anticipated that gravity is subjected to the standard principles of quantum mechanics. Yet some - including Einstein - have questioned that presumption, whose empirical basis is weak. Indeed, recently Dyson has emphasized that no conventional experiment is capable of detecting individual gravitons. However, as we describe, if inflation occurred, the universe, by acting as an ideal graviton amplifier, affords such access. It produces a classical signal, in the form of macroscopic gravitational waves, in response to spontaneous (not induced) emission of gravitons. Thus recent BICEP2 observations of polarization in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) will, if confirmed, provide firm empirical evidence for the quantization of gravity. Their details also support quantitative ideas concerning the unification of strong, electromagnetic and weak forces, and of all these with gravity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1441001
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics D
Volume23
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 16 2014

Fingerprint

Quantum Gravity
gravitons
Unification
Gravity
gravity
gravitation
quantum mechanics
Gravitational Waves
inflation
Inflation
gravitational waves
Quantum Mechanics
Microwave
Albert Einstein
Quantization
Polarization
polarization
universe
amplifiers
electromagnetism

Keywords

  • Cosmology
  • grand unification
  • gravitational waves
  • particle theory
  • quantum gravity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

From B-modes to quantum gravity and unification of forces. / Krauss, Lawrence; Wilczek, Frank.

In: International Journal of Modern Physics D, Vol. 23, No. 12, 1441001, 16.10.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Krauss, Lawrence ; Wilczek, Frank. / From B-modes to quantum gravity and unification of forces. In: International Journal of Modern Physics D. 2014 ; Vol. 23, No. 12.
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