Foreign-born academic scientists and engineers: Producing more and getting less than their U.S.-born peers?

Elizabeth Corley, Meghna Sabharwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Chronicle of Higher Education recently reported that the number of doctoral degrees awarded in the U.S. rose 3.4 percent in 2004, largely because of an increase in foreign students [Smallwood (2005). Doctoral degrees rose 3.4% in 2004, survey finds. The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 9, 2005]. Currently, 20.9 percent [National Science Board (2003). The science and engineering workforce realizing America's potential. NSB, vol. 3, National Science Foundation] of all science and engineering faculty positions at U.S. universities are held by foreign-born scientists (with even larger percentages in computer science and engineering)-and we can expect higher numbers of foreign-born faculty at U.S. universities in the future. In this paper, we use 2001 Survey of Doctorate Recipients (SDR) data from the National Science Foundation to compare productivity levels, work satisfaction levels and career trajectories of foreign-born scientists and U.S.-born scientists. The results indicate that foreign-born academic scientists and engineers are more productive than their U.S.-born peers in all areas. Yet, average salaries and work satisfaction levels for foreign-born scientists are lower than for U.S.-born scientists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)909-940
Number of pages32
JournalResearch in Higher Education
Volume48
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007

Fingerprint

engineer
work satisfaction
science
engineering
foreign student
university
salary
computer science
education
recipient
productivity
career

Keywords

  • Foreign-born
  • Publication productivity
  • Research policy
  • Science policy
  • Scientific productivity
  • Survey
  • Work satisfaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

Foreign-born academic scientists and engineers : Producing more and getting less than their U.S.-born peers? / Corley, Elizabeth; Sabharwal, Meghna.

In: Research in Higher Education, Vol. 48, No. 8, 12.2007, p. 909-940.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{cdbca8eaad1148549f3a6d6c6941cbc2,
title = "Foreign-born academic scientists and engineers: Producing more and getting less than their U.S.-born peers?",
abstract = "The Chronicle of Higher Education recently reported that the number of doctoral degrees awarded in the U.S. rose 3.4 percent in 2004, largely because of an increase in foreign students [Smallwood (2005). Doctoral degrees rose 3.4{\%} in 2004, survey finds. The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 9, 2005]. Currently, 20.9 percent [National Science Board (2003). The science and engineering workforce realizing America's potential. NSB, vol. 3, National Science Foundation] of all science and engineering faculty positions at U.S. universities are held by foreign-born scientists (with even larger percentages in computer science and engineering)-and we can expect higher numbers of foreign-born faculty at U.S. universities in the future. In this paper, we use 2001 Survey of Doctorate Recipients (SDR) data from the National Science Foundation to compare productivity levels, work satisfaction levels and career trajectories of foreign-born scientists and U.S.-born scientists. The results indicate that foreign-born academic scientists and engineers are more productive than their U.S.-born peers in all areas. Yet, average salaries and work satisfaction levels for foreign-born scientists are lower than for U.S.-born scientists.",
keywords = "Foreign-born, Publication productivity, Research policy, Science policy, Scientific productivity, Survey, Work satisfaction",
author = "Elizabeth Corley and Meghna Sabharwal",
year = "2007",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1007/s11162-007-9055-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "48",
pages = "909--940",
journal = "Research in Higher Education",
issn = "0361-0365",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Foreign-born academic scientists and engineers

T2 - Producing more and getting less than their U.S.-born peers?

AU - Corley, Elizabeth

AU - Sabharwal, Meghna

PY - 2007/12

Y1 - 2007/12

N2 - The Chronicle of Higher Education recently reported that the number of doctoral degrees awarded in the U.S. rose 3.4 percent in 2004, largely because of an increase in foreign students [Smallwood (2005). Doctoral degrees rose 3.4% in 2004, survey finds. The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 9, 2005]. Currently, 20.9 percent [National Science Board (2003). The science and engineering workforce realizing America's potential. NSB, vol. 3, National Science Foundation] of all science and engineering faculty positions at U.S. universities are held by foreign-born scientists (with even larger percentages in computer science and engineering)-and we can expect higher numbers of foreign-born faculty at U.S. universities in the future. In this paper, we use 2001 Survey of Doctorate Recipients (SDR) data from the National Science Foundation to compare productivity levels, work satisfaction levels and career trajectories of foreign-born scientists and U.S.-born scientists. The results indicate that foreign-born academic scientists and engineers are more productive than their U.S.-born peers in all areas. Yet, average salaries and work satisfaction levels for foreign-born scientists are lower than for U.S.-born scientists.

AB - The Chronicle of Higher Education recently reported that the number of doctoral degrees awarded in the U.S. rose 3.4 percent in 2004, largely because of an increase in foreign students [Smallwood (2005). Doctoral degrees rose 3.4% in 2004, survey finds. The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 9, 2005]. Currently, 20.9 percent [National Science Board (2003). The science and engineering workforce realizing America's potential. NSB, vol. 3, National Science Foundation] of all science and engineering faculty positions at U.S. universities are held by foreign-born scientists (with even larger percentages in computer science and engineering)-and we can expect higher numbers of foreign-born faculty at U.S. universities in the future. In this paper, we use 2001 Survey of Doctorate Recipients (SDR) data from the National Science Foundation to compare productivity levels, work satisfaction levels and career trajectories of foreign-born scientists and U.S.-born scientists. The results indicate that foreign-born academic scientists and engineers are more productive than their U.S.-born peers in all areas. Yet, average salaries and work satisfaction levels for foreign-born scientists are lower than for U.S.-born scientists.

KW - Foreign-born

KW - Publication productivity

KW - Research policy

KW - Science policy

KW - Scientific productivity

KW - Survey

KW - Work satisfaction

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=36849029747&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=36849029747&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11162-007-9055-6

DO - 10.1007/s11162-007-9055-6

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:36849029747

VL - 48

SP - 909

EP - 940

JO - Research in Higher Education

JF - Research in Higher Education

SN - 0361-0365

IS - 8

ER -