17 Scopus citations


This paper explores the fracture properties of a novel and sustainable glass-fiber reinforced composite, the matrix for which is formed through the aqueous, anoxic, room-temperature carbonation of (waste) metallic iron powder along with other minor ingredients. A comparison of the properties of this binder with Ordinary Portland Cement pastes, which constitutes one of the most common and economic ceramic matrices is also provided. The iron-based binder system exhibits fracture parameters (fracture toughness, KICS and critical crack tip opening displacement, CTODC, determined using two parameter fracture model, TPFM) that are significantly higher when compared to those of the OPC systems in both the unreinforced and glass fiber reinforced states. The beneficial influence of the unreacted metallic iron particles of large aspect ratio, on the fracture parameters of iron-based binders are elucidated. The strain energy release rates show trends that are in line with the fracture parameters from TPFM. The elastic and inelastic components of strain energy release rate are separated in an effort to capture the fundamental toughening mechanisms in these systems. The fracture parameters determined using a non-contact, digital image correlation technique are found to relate well to those obtained from TPFM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-370
Number of pages11
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
StatePublished - Jun 16 2015


  • Digital image correlation
  • Fibers
  • Fracture toughness
  • Iron carbonate
  • Particle reinforcement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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