Firearm Violence Exposure and Suicidal Ideation Among Young Adults Experiencing Homelessness

Hsun Ta Hsu, Anthony Fulginiti, Robin Petering, Anamika Barman-Adhikari, Diane Santa Maria, Jama Shelton, Kimberly Bender, Sarah Narendorf, Kristin Ferguson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: This study aimed to explore the association between direct exposure, indirect exposure, and perpetration of gun violence and suicidal ideation among young adults experiencing homelessness (YAEH). Methods: YAEH (n = 1,426) in seven cities across the U.S. were surveyed. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the association between lifetime gun violence exposure and suicidal ideation in the past 12 months. Results: Forty-five percent (n = 641) of YAEH had experienced direct or indirect gun violence, whereas 17% (n = 247) had engaged in gun violence perpetration. Gun violence perpetration is associated with elevated suicidal ideation risk (odds ratio = 1.46; 95% confidence interval = 1.02–2.01) among YAEH. Conclusions: A high percentage of YAEH were exposed to firearm violence. Cross-sector, multiagency collaborations are warranted to reduce firearm violence exposure among this vulnerable population. Homeless service providers should screen for gun violence exposure and suicide risk and target prevention efforts on YAEH with a history of gun violence perpetration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020


  • Gun violence
  • Homelessness
  • Perpetration
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Victimization
  • Young adults
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Hsu, H. T., Fulginiti, A., Petering, R., Barman-Adhikari, A., Maria, D. S., Shelton, J., Bender, K., Narendorf, S., & Ferguson, K. (Accepted/In press). Firearm Violence Exposure and Suicidal Ideation Among Young Adults Experiencing Homelessness. Journal of Adolescent Health.