Finite element analysis of VHF/UHF antennas on helicopter airframes

Dong Ho Han, Anastasis C. Polycarpou, Constantine Balanis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In VHF and UHF bands, antenna patterns for short range airborne communications are required to be omni-directional. Contributions from reflections and diffractions from the airframe usually distort the primary radiation patterns of antennas mounted on airframes. Moreover, these diffractions and reflections become increasingly important as the frequency of operation increases. Therefore, for this type of application, an antenna performance simulated without the airframe is not an accurate representation. In this study, an accurate and versatile finite element method (FEM) based on the discretization of Helmholtz's equation has been developed to analyze VHF and UHF antennas mounted on helicopter airframes, parts of which may include composite material and anisotropies. The FEM code was implemented with linear edge-based tetrahedral elements and first/second-order Absorbing Boundary Conditions. Possible material anisotropies in the computational domain are accounted for by using a permittivity and a permeability tensor. Radiation characteristics are predicted for absolute gain, spatial field distribution, input impedance and return loss, and then compared with measurements for verification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 1998 Digest - Antennas
Subtitle of host publicationGateways to the Global Network - Held in conjunction with: USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages248-251
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)0780344782, 9780780344785
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Event1998 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, APSURSI 1998 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: Jun 21 1998Jun 26 1998

Publication series

NameIEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 1998 Digest - Antennas: Gateways to the Global Network - Held in conjunction with: USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting
Volume1

Other

Other1998 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, APSURSI 1998
CountryUnited States
CityAtlanta
Period6/21/986/26/98

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Radiation
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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    Han, D. H., Polycarpou, A. C., & Balanis, C. (1998). Finite element analysis of VHF/UHF antennas on helicopter airframes. In IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 1998 Digest - Antennas: Gateways to the Global Network - Held in conjunction with: USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting (pp. 248-251). [699123] (IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 1998 Digest - Antennas: Gateways to the Global Network - Held in conjunction with: USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting; Vol. 1). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/APS.1998.699123