Factor Structure and Construct Validity of the Parent-Reported Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits Among High-Risk 9-Year-Olds

Rebecca Waller, Aidan G C Wright, Daniel S. Shaw, Frances Gardner, Thomas J. Dishion, Melvin N. Wilson, Luke W. Hyde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The presence of callous-unemotional (CU) traits delineates a subgroup of youth with severe antisocial behavior. However, debate surrounds the best method to assess CU traits. This study examined the factor structure of the parent-reported Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) among high-risk 9-year-olds (N = 540) and its predictive validity over 1 year. Confirmatory factor analysis showed support for a three-factor bifactor model and revised two-factor model using a shortened ICU. Within a three-factor bifactor framework the general CU traits factor and specific uncaring factor scores were related to higher externalizing and lower internalizing behavior problems at ages 9.5 and 10.5. Findings were replicated using teacher-reported outcomes. However, results also suggest the need for item refinement and highlight the utility of a two-factor solution using a shortened ICU. In particular, the meaning of the unemotional items is discussed in relation to the conceptualization of CU traits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)561-580
Number of pages20
JournalAssessment
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 8 2015

Fingerprint

Equipment and Supplies
Statistical Factor Analysis
Problem Behavior

Keywords

  • antisocial behavior
  • psychometric
  • psychopathology
  • psychopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Waller, R., Wright, A. G. C., Shaw, D. S., Gardner, F., Dishion, T. J., Wilson, M. N., & Hyde, L. W. (2015). Factor Structure and Construct Validity of the Parent-Reported Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits Among High-Risk 9-Year-Olds. Assessment, 22(5), 561-580. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191114556101

Factor Structure and Construct Validity of the Parent-Reported Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits Among High-Risk 9-Year-Olds. / Waller, Rebecca; Wright, Aidan G C; Shaw, Daniel S.; Gardner, Frances; Dishion, Thomas J.; Wilson, Melvin N.; Hyde, Luke W.

In: Assessment, Vol. 22, No. 5, 08.10.2015, p. 561-580.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Waller, R, Wright, AGC, Shaw, DS, Gardner, F, Dishion, TJ, Wilson, MN & Hyde, LW 2015, 'Factor Structure and Construct Validity of the Parent-Reported Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits Among High-Risk 9-Year-Olds', Assessment, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 561-580. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191114556101
Waller, Rebecca ; Wright, Aidan G C ; Shaw, Daniel S. ; Gardner, Frances ; Dishion, Thomas J. ; Wilson, Melvin N. ; Hyde, Luke W. / Factor Structure and Construct Validity of the Parent-Reported Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits Among High-Risk 9-Year-Olds. In: Assessment. 2015 ; Vol. 22, No. 5. pp. 561-580.
@article{6f4171216a5745dba81dcad8fecef62f,
title = "Factor Structure and Construct Validity of the Parent-Reported Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits Among High-Risk 9-Year-Olds",
abstract = "The presence of callous-unemotional (CU) traits delineates a subgroup of youth with severe antisocial behavior. However, debate surrounds the best method to assess CU traits. This study examined the factor structure of the parent-reported Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) among high-risk 9-year-olds (N = 540) and its predictive validity over 1 year. Confirmatory factor analysis showed support for a three-factor bifactor model and revised two-factor model using a shortened ICU. Within a three-factor bifactor framework the general CU traits factor and specific uncaring factor scores were related to higher externalizing and lower internalizing behavior problems at ages 9.5 and 10.5. Findings were replicated using teacher-reported outcomes. However, results also suggest the need for item refinement and highlight the utility of a two-factor solution using a shortened ICU. In particular, the meaning of the unemotional items is discussed in relation to the conceptualization of CU traits.",
keywords = "antisocial behavior, psychometric, psychopathology, psychopathy",
author = "Rebecca Waller and Wright, {Aidan G C} and Shaw, {Daniel S.} and Frances Gardner and Dishion, {Thomas J.} and Wilson, {Melvin N.} and Hyde, {Luke W.}",
year = "2015",
month = "10",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1177/1073191114556101",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "561--580",
journal = "Assessment",
issn = "1073-1911",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factor Structure and Construct Validity of the Parent-Reported Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits Among High-Risk 9-Year-Olds

AU - Waller, Rebecca

AU - Wright, Aidan G C

AU - Shaw, Daniel S.

AU - Gardner, Frances

AU - Dishion, Thomas J.

AU - Wilson, Melvin N.

AU - Hyde, Luke W.

PY - 2015/10/8

Y1 - 2015/10/8

N2 - The presence of callous-unemotional (CU) traits delineates a subgroup of youth with severe antisocial behavior. However, debate surrounds the best method to assess CU traits. This study examined the factor structure of the parent-reported Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) among high-risk 9-year-olds (N = 540) and its predictive validity over 1 year. Confirmatory factor analysis showed support for a three-factor bifactor model and revised two-factor model using a shortened ICU. Within a three-factor bifactor framework the general CU traits factor and specific uncaring factor scores were related to higher externalizing and lower internalizing behavior problems at ages 9.5 and 10.5. Findings were replicated using teacher-reported outcomes. However, results also suggest the need for item refinement and highlight the utility of a two-factor solution using a shortened ICU. In particular, the meaning of the unemotional items is discussed in relation to the conceptualization of CU traits.

AB - The presence of callous-unemotional (CU) traits delineates a subgroup of youth with severe antisocial behavior. However, debate surrounds the best method to assess CU traits. This study examined the factor structure of the parent-reported Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) among high-risk 9-year-olds (N = 540) and its predictive validity over 1 year. Confirmatory factor analysis showed support for a three-factor bifactor model and revised two-factor model using a shortened ICU. Within a three-factor bifactor framework the general CU traits factor and specific uncaring factor scores were related to higher externalizing and lower internalizing behavior problems at ages 9.5 and 10.5. Findings were replicated using teacher-reported outcomes. However, results also suggest the need for item refinement and highlight the utility of a two-factor solution using a shortened ICU. In particular, the meaning of the unemotional items is discussed in relation to the conceptualization of CU traits.

KW - antisocial behavior

KW - psychometric

KW - psychopathology

KW - psychopathy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84940906062&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84940906062&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1073191114556101

DO - 10.1177/1073191114556101

M3 - Article

C2 - 25371449

AN - SCOPUS:84940906062

VL - 22

SP - 561

EP - 580

JO - Assessment

JF - Assessment

SN - 1073-1911

IS - 5

ER -