Expanding the role of patrol in criminal sa investigations: Houston's investigative first responder project

Dennis Jay Kenney, Michael White, Marc A. Ruffinengo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research in the late 1970s discovered two on-going problems with criminal investigations. The first problem involved the inefficiency in the work done by detectives, and the second centered on the misunderstood role of patrol officers in those investigations. In recognition of these ongoing problems, the Houston police department (HPD) sought to improve its investigative capacity and effectiveness through the Investigative First Responder (IFR) project, a pilot program initiated in early 2007 that specially trained and reassigned 45 patrol officers to investigative status so that they could assume responsibility for Part 1 crimes. This article examined the impact of the IFR project through pre-post comparisons of calls for service, response times, and quality and content of investigative reports, as well as surveys of both IFR and non-IFR officers on their perceptions of the program. Findings suggested that the program increased the HPD's investigative capacity and effectiveness without negatively affecting workload among the remaining patrol staff, though inconsistent survey responses raised questions about patrol officers' acceptance of the project. The implications of the findings for police policy and practice with regard to criminal investigation were also taken into consideration, for further discussion in this article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)136-160
Number of pages25
JournalPolice Quarterly
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010

Fingerprint

police
workload
acceptance
offense
staff
responsibility
time

Keywords

  • Criminal investigation
  • Detectives
  • Patrol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Law

Cite this

Expanding the role of patrol in criminal sa investigations : Houston's investigative first responder project. / Kenney, Dennis Jay; White, Michael; Ruffinengo, Marc A.

In: Police Quarterly, Vol. 13, No. 2, 06.2010, p. 136-160.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4096aa9bbb41474496e6cc2f80c6e66f,
title = "Expanding the role of patrol in criminal sa investigations: Houston's investigative first responder project",
abstract = "Research in the late 1970s discovered two on-going problems with criminal investigations. The first problem involved the inefficiency in the work done by detectives, and the second centered on the misunderstood role of patrol officers in those investigations. In recognition of these ongoing problems, the Houston police department (HPD) sought to improve its investigative capacity and effectiveness through the Investigative First Responder (IFR) project, a pilot program initiated in early 2007 that specially trained and reassigned 45 patrol officers to investigative status so that they could assume responsibility for Part 1 crimes. This article examined the impact of the IFR project through pre-post comparisons of calls for service, response times, and quality and content of investigative reports, as well as surveys of both IFR and non-IFR officers on their perceptions of the program. Findings suggested that the program increased the HPD's investigative capacity and effectiveness without negatively affecting workload among the remaining patrol staff, though inconsistent survey responses raised questions about patrol officers' acceptance of the project. The implications of the findings for police policy and practice with regard to criminal investigation were also taken into consideration, for further discussion in this article.",
keywords = "Criminal investigation, Detectives, Patrol",
author = "Kenney, {Dennis Jay} and Michael White and Ruffinengo, {Marc A.}",
year = "2010",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1177/1098611110365687",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "13",
pages = "136--160",
journal = "Police Quarterly",
issn = "1098-6111",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Expanding the role of patrol in criminal sa investigations

T2 - Houston's investigative first responder project

AU - Kenney, Dennis Jay

AU - White, Michael

AU - Ruffinengo, Marc A.

PY - 2010/6

Y1 - 2010/6

N2 - Research in the late 1970s discovered two on-going problems with criminal investigations. The first problem involved the inefficiency in the work done by detectives, and the second centered on the misunderstood role of patrol officers in those investigations. In recognition of these ongoing problems, the Houston police department (HPD) sought to improve its investigative capacity and effectiveness through the Investigative First Responder (IFR) project, a pilot program initiated in early 2007 that specially trained and reassigned 45 patrol officers to investigative status so that they could assume responsibility for Part 1 crimes. This article examined the impact of the IFR project through pre-post comparisons of calls for service, response times, and quality and content of investigative reports, as well as surveys of both IFR and non-IFR officers on their perceptions of the program. Findings suggested that the program increased the HPD's investigative capacity and effectiveness without negatively affecting workload among the remaining patrol staff, though inconsistent survey responses raised questions about patrol officers' acceptance of the project. The implications of the findings for police policy and practice with regard to criminal investigation were also taken into consideration, for further discussion in this article.

AB - Research in the late 1970s discovered two on-going problems with criminal investigations. The first problem involved the inefficiency in the work done by detectives, and the second centered on the misunderstood role of patrol officers in those investigations. In recognition of these ongoing problems, the Houston police department (HPD) sought to improve its investigative capacity and effectiveness through the Investigative First Responder (IFR) project, a pilot program initiated in early 2007 that specially trained and reassigned 45 patrol officers to investigative status so that they could assume responsibility for Part 1 crimes. This article examined the impact of the IFR project through pre-post comparisons of calls for service, response times, and quality and content of investigative reports, as well as surveys of both IFR and non-IFR officers on their perceptions of the program. Findings suggested that the program increased the HPD's investigative capacity and effectiveness without negatively affecting workload among the remaining patrol staff, though inconsistent survey responses raised questions about patrol officers' acceptance of the project. The implications of the findings for police policy and practice with regard to criminal investigation were also taken into consideration, for further discussion in this article.

KW - Criminal investigation

KW - Detectives

KW - Patrol

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77952480474&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77952480474&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1098611110365687

DO - 10.1177/1098611110365687

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77952480474

VL - 13

SP - 136

EP - 160

JO - Police Quarterly

JF - Police Quarterly

SN - 1098-6111

IS - 2

ER -