Exercise training improves selected aspects of daytime functioning in adults with obstructive sleep apnea

Christopher E. Kline, Gary B. Ewing, James B. Burch, Steven N. Blair, J. Larry Durstine, J. Mark Davis, Shawn D. Youngstedt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objectives: To explore the utility of exercise training forimproving daytime functioning in adults with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: Forty-three sedentary and overweight/obese adults aged 18-55 years with at least moderate-severity untreated OSA (apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 15) were randomized to 12 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise training (n = 27) or low-intensity stretching control treatment (n = 16). As part of a trial investigating the efficacy of exercise training on OSA severity, daytime functioning was assessed before and following the intervention. Sleepiness, functional impairment due to sleepiness, depressive symptoms, mood, and quality of life (QOL) were evaluated with validated questionnaires, and cognitive function was assessed with a neurobehavioral performance battery. OSA severity was measured with one night of laboratory polysomnography before and following the intervention. Results: Compared with stretching control, exercise training resulted in significant improvements in depressive symptoms, fatigue and vigor, and aspects of QOL (p < 0.05). Sleepiness and functional impairment due to sleepiness also were improved following exercise versus control to a similar degree in terms of effect sizes (d > 0.5), though these changes were not statistically significant. No neurobehavioral performance improvements were found. Reduced fatigue following exercise training was mediated by a reduction in OSA severity, but changes in OSA severity did not significantly mediate improvement in any other measure of daytime functioning. Conclusions: These data provide preliminary evidence that exercise training may be helpful for improving aspects of daytime functioning of adults with OSA. Larger trials are needed to further verify the observed improvements. Trial Registration: Clinicaltrials.gov identification number NCT00956423.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-365
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cognitive performance
  • Exercise training
  • Mood
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Quality of life
  • Sleepiness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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