Evidence for genetic variation in worker task performance by African and European honey bees

Jennifer Fewell, Susan M. Bertram

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    27 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The dramatic competitive advantage of the African honey bee over European bees in the neotropics comes in large part from their faster rates of colony growth and reproduction. In honey bees, brood production, and thus colony growth, are controlled by the workers. Thus, we tested for genetic differences between African and European workers in their preference for tasks associated with brood production by monitoring individual African and European workers cross-fostered in common colony environments. We additionally examined differences in the age of transition between tasks (age polyethism). Our data provide strong evidence for genetically based differences in a subset of tasks. African workers were more likely to collect and process pollen, the nutrient source for brood. They initiated pollen foraging at a younger age, but this result was not significant after Bonferroni adjustment. African and European workers showed no difference in brood-care task performance, and did not vary in the age at which they performed brood-care tasks. These data suggest that a significant part of the competitive advantage of this major invasive pest can be traced to a small subset of worker behaviors, those involving resource intake.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)318-325
    Number of pages8
    JournalBehavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
    Volume52
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 1 2002

    Fingerprint

    Honey
    Bees
    Task Performance and Analysis
    honey
    bee
    honey bees
    genetic variation
    Pollen
    brood rearing
    Social Adjustment
    polyethism
    pollen
    honey bee brood
    Growth
    Reproduction
    Food
    Apoidea
    pests
    foraging
    monitoring

    Keywords

    • Apis mellifera ligustica
    • Apis mellifera scutellata
    • Foraging behavior
    • Genetic differences
    • Honey bee

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Animal Science and Zoology
    • Ecology
    • Behavioral Neuroscience

    Cite this

    Evidence for genetic variation in worker task performance by African and European honey bees. / Fewell, Jennifer; Bertram, Susan M.

    In: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, Vol. 52, No. 4, 01.09.2002, p. 318-325.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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