Evaluation of a multicomponent appearance-based sun-protective intervention for young women: Uncovering the mechanisms of program efficacy

Kristina M. Jackson, Leona S. Aiken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Scopus citations

Abstract

An appearance-based sun-protection intervention program was developed, implemented, and evaluated in a sample of 211 Caucasian women (ages 18-25) randomly assigned to the sun-protection program or to a stress management (control) program. The sun-protection program incorporated a novel construct of image norms of aspirational peers (i.e., female media figures, fashion models) approving paleness. The authors targeted these image norms as well as the advantages of tanning, health beliefs about photoaging and skin cancer, and self-efficacy for sun protection. The intervention produced significant differences across conditions favoring sun protection on all constructs but severity of skin cancer and barriers to sun protection. At follow-up, treatment participants exceeded controls both in intention to sun protect and sun-protective behavior and reported lower intention to sunbathe and fewer hours of sunbathing. A mediational model of intervention outcomes revealed distinct mediators for sun protection versus sunbathing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-46
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Keywords

  • Appearance
  • Intervention
  • Photoaging
  • Skin cancer
  • Sun protection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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