Ethnic differences in the developmental significance of parentification

Tamar Y. Khafi, Tuppett M. Yates, Suniya Luthar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using an ecological framework, this 2-wave longitudinal study examined the effects of parentification on youth adjustment across the transition to adolescence in a high-risk, low-income sample of African American (58%) and European American (42%) mother-child dyads (T1 Mage = 10.17 years, T2 Mage = 14.89 years; 52.4% female). Children's provision of family caregiving was moderately stable from early to late adolescence. Emotional and instrumental parentification evidenced distinct long-term effects on adolescents' psychopathology and the quality of the parent-child relationship. Ethnicity moderated these relations. Emotional and instrumental parentification behaviors were associated with predominantly negative outcomes among European American youth in the form of increased externalizing behavior problems and decreased parent-child relationship quality, whereas emotional parentification was associated with positive outcomes among African American youth in the form of increased parent-child relationship quality, and instrumental parentification was neutral. These findings support a multidimensional view of parentification as a set of culturally embedded phenomena whose effects can only be understood in consideration of the context in which they occur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-287
Number of pages21
JournalFamily Process
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

parent-child relationship
Parent-Child Relations
adolescence
psychopathology
caregiving
dyad
African Americans
longitudinal study
low income
ethnicity
adolescent
Social Adjustment
Psychopathology
Longitudinal Studies
Mothers
American

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Ecological theory
  • Ethnic differences
  • Parent-child relations
  • Parentification
  • Psychopathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Ethnic differences in the developmental significance of parentification. / Khafi, Tamar Y.; Yates, Tuppett M.; Luthar, Suniya.

In: Family Process, Vol. 53, No. 2, 2014, p. 267-287.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khafi, Tamar Y. ; Yates, Tuppett M. ; Luthar, Suniya. / Ethnic differences in the developmental significance of parentification. In: Family Process. 2014 ; Vol. 53, No. 2. pp. 267-287.
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