Enhancing the performance of motive power lead-acid batteries by high surface area carbon black additives

Hai Yan Hu, Ning Xie, Chen Wang, Fan Wu, Ming Pan, Hua Fei Li, Ping Wu, Xiao Di Wang, Zheling Zeng, Shuguang Deng, Marvin H. Wu, K. Vinodgopal, Gui Ping Dai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effects of carbon black specific surface area and morphology were investigated by characterizing four different carbon black additives and then evaluating the effect of adding them to the negative electrode of valve-regulated lead-acid batteries for electric bikes. Low-temperature performance, larger current discharge performance, charge acceptance, cycle life and water loss of the batteries with carbon black were studied. The results show that the addition of high-performance carbon black to the negative plate of lead-acid batteries has an important effect on the cycle performance at 100% depth-of-discharge conditions and the cycle life is 86.9% longer than that of the control batteries. The excellent performance of the batteries can be attributed to the high surface area carbon black effectively inhibiting the sulfation of the negative plate surface and improving the charge acceptance of the batteries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number186
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 7 2019

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lead acid batteries
Soot
Lead acid batteries
Carbon black
electric batteries
carbon
acceptability
cycles
Life cycle
sulfation
water loss
Electron tubes
Specific surface area
Electrodes
electrodes
Water

Keywords

  • Carbon black
  • Cycle life
  • Electric bikes
  • Nano-structure
  • Valve-regulated lead-acid batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Enhancing the performance of motive power lead-acid batteries by high surface area carbon black additives. / Hu, Hai Yan; Xie, Ning; Wang, Chen; Wu, Fan; Pan, Ming; Li, Hua Fei; Wu, Ping; Wang, Xiao Di; Zeng, Zheling; Deng, Shuguang; Wu, Marvin H.; Vinodgopal, K.; Dai, Gui Ping.

In: Applied Sciences (Switzerland), Vol. 9, No. 1, 186, 07.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hu, HY, Xie, N, Wang, C, Wu, F, Pan, M, Li, HF, Wu, P, Wang, XD, Zeng, Z, Deng, S, Wu, MH, Vinodgopal, K & Dai, GP 2019, 'Enhancing the performance of motive power lead-acid batteries by high surface area carbon black additives', Applied Sciences (Switzerland), vol. 9, no. 1, 186. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9010186
Hu, Hai Yan ; Xie, Ning ; Wang, Chen ; Wu, Fan ; Pan, Ming ; Li, Hua Fei ; Wu, Ping ; Wang, Xiao Di ; Zeng, Zheling ; Deng, Shuguang ; Wu, Marvin H. ; Vinodgopal, K. ; Dai, Gui Ping. / Enhancing the performance of motive power lead-acid batteries by high surface area carbon black additives. In: Applied Sciences (Switzerland). 2019 ; Vol. 9, No. 1.
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AU - Wu, Ping

AU - Wang, Xiao Di

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