Energetic effects of substitution of La-Nd and Si-Ge oxyapatite-type materials

Seyedeh Mahboobeh Hosseini, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of lanthanide oxyapatites, neodymium silicates (Nd 9.33-xM3x/2(SiO4)6O2; x = 0.0 and 2.0 and M = Ca, Sr, and Ba), and lanthanum germanate (La 10(GeO4)6O3) were prepared by a variety of heat treatments and characterized. High-temperature oxide melt solution calorimetry in molten 2PbO-B2O3 solvent at 1078 K was performed to determine their enthalpies of formation from constituent oxides at room temperature. The energetics of these materials is discussed in terms of the effects of doping on two crystallographic sites, the lanthanide and tetrahedral sites. The enthalpy of formation from oxides becomes less exothermic by substituting La with Nd throughout the whole series, in both doped and undoped compositions, reflecting the smaller radius and lower basicity of Nd compared with La. Cation stoichiometric lanthanum germanate apatite (La 10(GeO4)6O3) shows a more endothermic enthalpy of formation than the corresponding silicate, reflecting the larger radius and lower acidity of Ge than Si.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3915-3919
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume96
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Energetic effects of substitution of La-Nd and Si-Ge oxyapatite-type materials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this