Enablers and Constraints to Walking for Older African American and American Indian Women: The Cultural Activity Participation Study

Karla A. Henderson, Barbara Ainsworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Scopus citations


Walking is a significant physical activity undertaken by a range of women from different ages, economic backgrounds, and family situations. The purpose of this analysis was to examine what conditions enabled walking to occur and what constraints prevented some older African American and American Indian women from walking as a physical activity. A descriptive analysis emerged related to three dimensions: the context of walking, how walking was enabled, and constraints to walking more or achieving greater satisfaction with walking as a physical activity. As more is known about how and why a behavior such as walking occurs, more can be done to raise the physical and mental quality of life for all people, regardless of race or gender.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-321
Number of pages9
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2000
Externally publishedYes



  • Health
  • Interpretive research
  • Minority women
  • Physical activity
  • Recreation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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