Electrorheological Source of Nonlinear Dielectric Effects in Molecular Glass-Forming Liquids

Subarna Samanta, Ranko Richert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have measured the dielectric relaxation spectra of eight glass-forming liquids in the presence of electric direct current (dc)-bias fields ranging from 100 to 500 kV/cm. For every sample, we observe two distinct field-induced effects: a reduction in the relaxation amplitude and an increase in the primary structural relaxation time that is associated with viscous flow. Whereas amplitude change is typical of the well-known dielectric saturation, the field-induced increase in viscosity is a source of nonlinear behavior that has been recognized only recently. We find that this electrorheological behavior occurs in all polar liquids of this study, and its magnitude is correlated with the field-induced change in thermodynamic entropy. It constitutes a significant source of nonlinear dielectric behavior, which occurs for both dc and alternating current fields.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7737-7744
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume120
Issue number31
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 11 2016

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Glass
Structural relaxation
Bias currents
glass
Dielectric relaxation
Liquids
Viscous flow
liquids
direct current
Relaxation time
Entropy
Thermodynamics
viscous flow
Viscosity
alternating current
relaxation time
viscosity
entropy
saturation
thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Electrorheological Source of Nonlinear Dielectric Effects in Molecular Glass-Forming Liquids. / Samanta, Subarna; Richert, Ranko.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 120, No. 31, 11.08.2016, p. 7737-7744.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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