The photoexcited electron injection dynamics of free-base and metallo-derivatives of tris(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrins bound to TiO 2 and SnO2 nanoparticle surfaces have been investigated using time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy (TRTS). The metallo-derivatives include Zn(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), and Pd(II). For the TiO2-porphyrin assemblies, electron injection from the photoexcited dye to the semiconductor occurs only when using the zinc derivative as the sensitizer because it is the only dye studied in this report with long-lived excited states higher in energy than the TiO2 conduction band edge. All of the dyes, however, have excited-state energies above the SnO2 conduction band edge, and the electron injection rates vary widely from 0.4 to 200 ps depending on the sensitizer. For the SnO2-porphyrin assemblies, electron injection is strongly influenced by competition with alternate deactivation routes that are accessible following Soret band excitation. These results offer thermodynamic and kinetic considerations for designing improved high-potential porphyrin photoanodes with applications to solar-powered water oxidation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films