Effects of individual and contextual characteristics on preadjudication detention of juvenile delinquents

Gaylene S. Armstrong, Nancy Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations


This study examined individual and contextual factors affecting preadjudication detention of juvenile delinquents in 65 counties of a northeastern state. Results demonstrated that while individual characteristics of the juvenile delinquents were important predictors, much of the variation in decisions was explained when contextual factors of the counties were included in a twolevel hierarchical linear model. In addition to the statistically significant legal and extralegal juvenile characteristics, our study found that counties with a higher percentage of nonWhite population were more likely to detain juvenile delinquents prior to adjudication. These findings demonstrate the importance of considering both individual and contextual factors of jurisdictions when examining the adjudication process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)521-539
Number of pages19
JournalJustice Quarterly
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005



  • Contextual characteristics
  • Individual characteristics
  • Juvenile delinquents
  • Preadjudication detention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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