Effects of individual and contextual characteristics on preadjudication detention of juvenile delinquents

Gaylene S. Armstrong, Nancy Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined individual and contextual factors affecting preadjudication detention of juvenile delinquents in 65 counties of a northeastern state. Results demonstrated that while individual characteristics of the juvenile delinquents were important predictors, much of the variation in decisions was explained when contextual factors of the counties were included in a twolevel hierarchical linear model. In addition to the statistically significant legal and extralegal juvenile characteristics, our study found that counties with a higher percentage of nonWhite population were more likely to detain juvenile delinquents prior to adjudication. These findings demonstrate the importance of considering both individual and contextual factors of jurisdictions when examining the adjudication process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)521-539
Number of pages19
JournalJustice Quarterly
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

Fingerprint

Linear Models
Population
linear model
jurisdiction

Keywords

  • Contextual characteristics
  • Individual characteristics
  • Juvenile delinquents
  • Preadjudication detention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Effects of individual and contextual characteristics on preadjudication detention of juvenile delinquents. / Armstrong, Gaylene S.; Rodriguez, Nancy.

In: Justice Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 4, 12.2005, p. 521-539.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Armstrong, Gaylene S. ; Rodriguez, Nancy. / Effects of individual and contextual characteristics on preadjudication detention of juvenile delinquents. In: Justice Quarterly. 2005 ; Vol. 22, No. 4. pp. 521-539.
@article{1e0d92b4aa054934a23737d4486fe0aa,
title = "Effects of individual and contextual characteristics on preadjudication detention of juvenile delinquents",
abstract = "This study examined individual and contextual factors affecting preadjudication detention of juvenile delinquents in 65 counties of a northeastern state. Results demonstrated that while individual characteristics of the juvenile delinquents were important predictors, much of the variation in decisions was explained when contextual factors of the counties were included in a twolevel hierarchical linear model. In addition to the statistically significant legal and extralegal juvenile characteristics, our study found that counties with a higher percentage of nonWhite population were more likely to detain juvenile delinquents prior to adjudication. These findings demonstrate the importance of considering both individual and contextual factors of jurisdictions when examining the adjudication process.",
keywords = "Contextual characteristics, Individual characteristics, Juvenile delinquents, Preadjudication detention",
author = "Armstrong, {Gaylene S.} and Nancy Rodriguez",
year = "2005",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1080/07418820500364643",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "521--539",
journal = "Justice Quarterly",
issn = "0741-8825",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of individual and contextual characteristics on preadjudication detention of juvenile delinquents

AU - Armstrong, Gaylene S.

AU - Rodriguez, Nancy

PY - 2005/12

Y1 - 2005/12

N2 - This study examined individual and contextual factors affecting preadjudication detention of juvenile delinquents in 65 counties of a northeastern state. Results demonstrated that while individual characteristics of the juvenile delinquents were important predictors, much of the variation in decisions was explained when contextual factors of the counties were included in a twolevel hierarchical linear model. In addition to the statistically significant legal and extralegal juvenile characteristics, our study found that counties with a higher percentage of nonWhite population were more likely to detain juvenile delinquents prior to adjudication. These findings demonstrate the importance of considering both individual and contextual factors of jurisdictions when examining the adjudication process.

AB - This study examined individual and contextual factors affecting preadjudication detention of juvenile delinquents in 65 counties of a northeastern state. Results demonstrated that while individual characteristics of the juvenile delinquents were important predictors, much of the variation in decisions was explained when contextual factors of the counties were included in a twolevel hierarchical linear model. In addition to the statistically significant legal and extralegal juvenile characteristics, our study found that counties with a higher percentage of nonWhite population were more likely to detain juvenile delinquents prior to adjudication. These findings demonstrate the importance of considering both individual and contextual factors of jurisdictions when examining the adjudication process.

KW - Contextual characteristics

KW - Individual characteristics

KW - Juvenile delinquents

KW - Preadjudication detention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=30444457745&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=30444457745&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/07418820500364643

DO - 10.1080/07418820500364643

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:30444457745

VL - 22

SP - 521

EP - 539

JO - Justice Quarterly

JF - Justice Quarterly

SN - 0741-8825

IS - 4

ER -