Effects of a health behavior change model-based HIV/STI prevention intervention on condom use among heterosexual couples: A randomized trial

S. Marie Harvey, Joan Marie Kraft, Stephen West, Aaron B. Taylor, Katina A. Pappas-DeLuca, Linda J. Beckman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines an intervention for heterosexual couples to prevent human immunodeficiency virus/sexually transmitted infections. It also evaluates the effect of the intervention, which is based on current models of health behavior change, on intermediate outcomes (individual and relationship factors) and consistency of condom use. Eligible couples were administered a baseline interview and randomized to either a 3-session theory-based intervention or a 1-session standard of care comparison condition. Men and women completed 3-month interviews; only women completed 6-month interviews. No significant intervention effect on condom use was found among couples at 3 months (n = 212) or among women (n = 178) at 6 months. However, condom use increased significantly between baseline and 3 months and baseline and 6 months for participants in both treatment conditions. Intervention effects on condom use self-efficacy were found at 3 months and 6 months and on health-protective communication at 3 months. These findings provide valuable information for the design of future studies to help disentangle the effects of intervening with couples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)878-894
Number of pages17
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Couple-based intervention
  • HIV prevention
  • Health behavior model
  • STI prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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