Effect of the anthocyanic epidermal layer on Photosystem II and I energy dissipation processes in Tradescantia pallida (Rose) Hunt

David Dewez, Francois Perreault

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of anthocyanic cells of the epidermal layer was investigated on photosynthetic activity of the higher plant Tradescantia pallida. To determine the possible indirect role of anthocyanin in photosynthesis, analysis was done on intact leaves and leaves where anthocyanic epidermal layer was removed. Energy dissipation processes related to Photosystem II (PSII) and Photosystem I (PSI) activity was done using simultaneously Chlorophyll a (Chl a) fluorescence and P700 transmittance signals change. In anthocyanic epidermal-less leaves, PSII photochemical activity was more decreased in dependence to increasing light irradiance exposure. We found that photoinhibition of PSII decreased PSI activity by reducing the electron flow toward PSI, especially under high light intensities. Under those conditions, it resulted in the accumulation of oxidized PSI reaction centers, which was stronger in leaves where the anthocyanic epidermal layer was removed. In conclusion, our results showed that the anthocyanic epidermal layer had a photoprotective effect only on the PSII and not on the PSI of T. pallida leaves, supporting the role of anthocyanin pigments in the regulation of photosynthesis for excess absorbed light irradiance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-472
Number of pages10
JournalActa Physiologiae Plantarum
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tradescantia
Photosystem I Protein Complex
process energy
Photosystem II Protein Complex
photosystem I
photosystem II
Rosa
Anthocyanins
Photosynthesis
leaves
Light
anthocyanins
photosynthesis
transmittance
photoinhibition
light intensity
Fluorescence
pigments
electrons
Tradescantia pallida

Keywords

  • Anthocyanin
  • Epidermal layer
  • Photosynthesis
  • Photosystem I
  • Photosystem II
  • Tradescantia pallida

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Physiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

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title = "Effect of the anthocyanic epidermal layer on Photosystem II and I energy dissipation processes in Tradescantia pallida (Rose) Hunt",
abstract = "The effect of anthocyanic cells of the epidermal layer was investigated on photosynthetic activity of the higher plant Tradescantia pallida. To determine the possible indirect role of anthocyanin in photosynthesis, analysis was done on intact leaves and leaves where anthocyanic epidermal layer was removed. Energy dissipation processes related to Photosystem II (PSII) and Photosystem I (PSI) activity was done using simultaneously Chlorophyll a (Chl a) fluorescence and P700 transmittance signals change. In anthocyanic epidermal-less leaves, PSII photochemical activity was more decreased in dependence to increasing light irradiance exposure. We found that photoinhibition of PSII decreased PSI activity by reducing the electron flow toward PSI, especially under high light intensities. Under those conditions, it resulted in the accumulation of oxidized PSI reaction centers, which was stronger in leaves where the anthocyanic epidermal layer was removed. In conclusion, our results showed that the anthocyanic epidermal layer had a photoprotective effect only on the PSII and not on the PSI of T. pallida leaves, supporting the role of anthocyanin pigments in the regulation of photosynthesis for excess absorbed light irradiance.",
keywords = "Anthocyanin, Epidermal layer, Photosynthesis, Photosystem I, Photosystem II, Tradescantia pallida",
author = "David Dewez and Francois Perreault",
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AU - Dewez, David

AU - Perreault, Francois

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N2 - The effect of anthocyanic cells of the epidermal layer was investigated on photosynthetic activity of the higher plant Tradescantia pallida. To determine the possible indirect role of anthocyanin in photosynthesis, analysis was done on intact leaves and leaves where anthocyanic epidermal layer was removed. Energy dissipation processes related to Photosystem II (PSII) and Photosystem I (PSI) activity was done using simultaneously Chlorophyll a (Chl a) fluorescence and P700 transmittance signals change. In anthocyanic epidermal-less leaves, PSII photochemical activity was more decreased in dependence to increasing light irradiance exposure. We found that photoinhibition of PSII decreased PSI activity by reducing the electron flow toward PSI, especially under high light intensities. Under those conditions, it resulted in the accumulation of oxidized PSI reaction centers, which was stronger in leaves where the anthocyanic epidermal layer was removed. In conclusion, our results showed that the anthocyanic epidermal layer had a photoprotective effect only on the PSII and not on the PSI of T. pallida leaves, supporting the role of anthocyanin pigments in the regulation of photosynthesis for excess absorbed light irradiance.

AB - The effect of anthocyanic cells of the epidermal layer was investigated on photosynthetic activity of the higher plant Tradescantia pallida. To determine the possible indirect role of anthocyanin in photosynthesis, analysis was done on intact leaves and leaves where anthocyanic epidermal layer was removed. Energy dissipation processes related to Photosystem II (PSII) and Photosystem I (PSI) activity was done using simultaneously Chlorophyll a (Chl a) fluorescence and P700 transmittance signals change. In anthocyanic epidermal-less leaves, PSII photochemical activity was more decreased in dependence to increasing light irradiance exposure. We found that photoinhibition of PSII decreased PSI activity by reducing the electron flow toward PSI, especially under high light intensities. Under those conditions, it resulted in the accumulation of oxidized PSI reaction centers, which was stronger in leaves where the anthocyanic epidermal layer was removed. In conclusion, our results showed that the anthocyanic epidermal layer had a photoprotective effect only on the PSII and not on the PSI of T. pallida leaves, supporting the role of anthocyanin pigments in the regulation of photosynthesis for excess absorbed light irradiance.

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