Effect of Crosslinker Length and Architecture on the Thermomechanical Properties of CNT-Loaded Elastomeric Polymer Matrix Composites

Meng Wang, Ermias Dheressa, Kristen A. Brown, Matthew Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

An evolving understanding of elastomeric polymer nanocomposites continues to expand commercial, defense, and industrial products and applications. This work explores the thermomechanical properties of elastomeric nanocomposites prepared from bisphenol A diglycidyl ether and three amine-terminated poly(propylene oxides) (Jeffamines). The Jeffamines investigated include difunctional crosslinkers with molecular weights of 2000 and 4000 g mol-1 and a trifunctional crosslinker with a molecular weight of 3000 g mol-1. Additionally, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are added, up to 1.25 wt%, to each thermoset. The findings indicate that the T g and storage modulus of the polymer nanocomposites can be controlled independently within narrow concentration windows, and that effects observed following CNT incorporation are dependent on the crosslinker molecular weight. Finally, the impact of crosslinker length and architecture as well as CNT addition on the molecular weight between crosslink points in the glassy and rubbery states are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMacromolecular Rapid Communications
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Polymer matrix composites
Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes
Molecular weight
Nanocomposites
Polymers
Polypropylene oxides
Thermosets
Amines
Ethers
Elastic moduli
elastomeric

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Elastomeric thermosets
  • Network
  • Polymer nanocomposites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Effect of Crosslinker Length and Architecture on the Thermomechanical Properties of CNT-Loaded Elastomeric Polymer Matrix Composites",
abstract = "An evolving understanding of elastomeric polymer nanocomposites continues to expand commercial, defense, and industrial products and applications. This work explores the thermomechanical properties of elastomeric nanocomposites prepared from bisphenol A diglycidyl ether and three amine-terminated poly(propylene oxides) (Jeffamines). The Jeffamines investigated include difunctional crosslinkers with molecular weights of 2000 and 4000 g mol-1 and a trifunctional crosslinker with a molecular weight of 3000 g mol-1. Additionally, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are added, up to 1.25 wt{\%}, to each thermoset. The findings indicate that the T g and storage modulus of the polymer nanocomposites can be controlled independently within narrow concentration windows, and that effects observed following CNT incorporation are dependent on the crosslinker molecular weight. Finally, the impact of crosslinker length and architecture as well as CNT addition on the molecular weight between crosslink points in the glassy and rubbery states are discussed.",
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AU - Dheressa, Ermias

AU - Brown, Kristen A.

AU - Green, Matthew

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N2 - An evolving understanding of elastomeric polymer nanocomposites continues to expand commercial, defense, and industrial products and applications. This work explores the thermomechanical properties of elastomeric nanocomposites prepared from bisphenol A diglycidyl ether and three amine-terminated poly(propylene oxides) (Jeffamines). The Jeffamines investigated include difunctional crosslinkers with molecular weights of 2000 and 4000 g mol-1 and a trifunctional crosslinker with a molecular weight of 3000 g mol-1. Additionally, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are added, up to 1.25 wt%, to each thermoset. The findings indicate that the T g and storage modulus of the polymer nanocomposites can be controlled independently within narrow concentration windows, and that effects observed following CNT incorporation are dependent on the crosslinker molecular weight. Finally, the impact of crosslinker length and architecture as well as CNT addition on the molecular weight between crosslink points in the glassy and rubbery states are discussed.

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