Ecological correlates of depression and self-esteem in rural youth

Paul R. Smokowski, Caroline B.R. Evans, Katie Stalker, Shenyang Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study examines individual-, social-, and school-level characteristics influencing symptoms of depression and self-esteem among a large sample (N = 4,321) of U.S. youth living in two rural counties in the South. Survey data for this sample of middle-school students (Grade 6 to Grade 8) were part of the Rural Adaptation Project. Data were analyzed using ordered logistic regression. Results show that being female, having a low income, and having negative relationships with parents and peers are risk factors that increase the probability of reporting high levels of depressive symptoms and low levels of self-esteem. In contrast, supportive relationships with parents and peers, high religious orientation, ethnic identity, and school satisfaction increased the probability of reporting low levels of depressive symptoms and high levels of self-esteem. There were few school-level characteristics associated with levels of depressive symptoms and self-esteem. Implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-518
Number of pages19
JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Self Concept
Depression
Parents
Logistic Models
Students

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Depression
  • Native American
  • Rural
  • Self-esteem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Ecological correlates of depression and self-esteem in rural youth. / Smokowski, Paul R.; Evans, Caroline B.R.; Stalker, Katie; Guo, Shenyang.

In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, Vol. 45, No. 5, 2014, p. 500-518.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smokowski, Paul R. ; Evans, Caroline B.R. ; Stalker, Katie ; Guo, Shenyang. / Ecological correlates of depression and self-esteem in rural youth. In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 2014 ; Vol. 45, No. 5. pp. 500-518.
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