Early Intervention for Spelling Problems: Teaching Functional Spelling Units of Varying Size with a Multiple-Connections Framework

Virginia W. Berninger, Katherine Vaughan, Robert D. Abbott, Allison Brooks, Sylvia P. Abbott, Laura Rogan, Elizabeth Reed, Steve Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poor spellers in 2nd grade (n = 128) participated in 24 20-min sessions that included (a) direct instruction in the alphabet principle (most frequent phoneme-spelling connections); (b) modeling of different approaches, singly and in combination, for developing connections between spoken and written words for 48 words ordered by sound-spelling predictability; and (c) practice in composing. Results of this multilayered intervention showed that (a) more than 1 way of developing sound-spelling connections is effective in teaching spelling but that after training in the alphabet principle, combining whole word and onset-rime training is most effective in achieving transfer of the alphabet principle across word contexts; (b) functional spelling units of not only a single letter but also 2 or more letters are important in beginning spelling; and (c) training in spelling transfers to composition and word recognition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)587-605
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Educational Psychology
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Early Intervention for Spelling Problems: Teaching Functional Spelling Units of Varying Size with a Multiple-Connections Framework'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this