Dynamics of glass-forming liquids. XVI. Observation of ultrastable glass transformation via dielectric spectroscopy

Z. Chen, A. Sepúlveda, M. D. Ediger, Ranko Richert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The transformation of vapor-deposited ultrastable glasses of indomethacin (IMC) into the supercooled liquid state near Tg is monitored by means of dielectric spectroscopy. Films with thickness between 400 and 800 nm are deposited on differential interdigitated electrode cells and their loss profiles are measured during isothermal annealing using a dual-channel impedance technique for frequencies between 0.03 and 100 Hz. All dielectric loss spectra observed during the transformation process can be explained by a volume fraction of the supercooled liquid that increases linearly with time. From the early stages of the transformation to the liquid that is formed via complete annealing of the ultrastable glass, the average dielectric relaxation time as well as the distribution of relaxation times of the liquid component are identical to those of the conventional liquid obtained by cooling the melt. The dependence of the transformation rate on the film thickness is consistent with a growth front mechanism for the direct conversion from the ultrastable glass to the equilibrium supercooled liquid. We conclude that the IMC liquid recovered from the ultrastable glass is structurally and dynamically identical to the conventional supercooled state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12A519
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume138
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 28 2013

Fingerprint

Dielectric spectroscopy
Glass
glass
Liquids
liquids
spectroscopy
Indomethacin
Relaxation time
relaxation time
Isothermal annealing
annealing
Dielectric relaxation
Dielectric losses
dielectric loss
Film thickness
Volume fraction
film thickness
Vapors
impedance
Annealing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Dynamics of glass-forming liquids. XVI. Observation of ultrastable glass transformation via dielectric spectroscopy. / Chen, Z.; Sepúlveda, A.; Ediger, M. D.; Richert, Ranko.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 138, No. 12, 12A519, 28.03.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3e8469ccaa414792851b21b05f27be39,
title = "Dynamics of glass-forming liquids. XVI. Observation of ultrastable glass transformation via dielectric spectroscopy",
abstract = "The transformation of vapor-deposited ultrastable glasses of indomethacin (IMC) into the supercooled liquid state near Tg is monitored by means of dielectric spectroscopy. Films with thickness between 400 and 800 nm are deposited on differential interdigitated electrode cells and their loss profiles are measured during isothermal annealing using a dual-channel impedance technique for frequencies between 0.03 and 100 Hz. All dielectric loss spectra observed during the transformation process can be explained by a volume fraction of the supercooled liquid that increases linearly with time. From the early stages of the transformation to the liquid that is formed via complete annealing of the ultrastable glass, the average dielectric relaxation time as well as the distribution of relaxation times of the liquid component are identical to those of the conventional liquid obtained by cooling the melt. The dependence of the transformation rate on the film thickness is consistent with a growth front mechanism for the direct conversion from the ultrastable glass to the equilibrium supercooled liquid. We conclude that the IMC liquid recovered from the ultrastable glass is structurally and dynamically identical to the conventional supercooled state.",
author = "Z. Chen and A. Sep{\'u}lveda and Ediger, {M. D.} and Ranko Richert",
year = "2013",
month = "3",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1063/1.4771695",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "138",
journal = "Journal of Chemical Physics",
issn = "0021-9606",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Publising LLC",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamics of glass-forming liquids. XVI. Observation of ultrastable glass transformation via dielectric spectroscopy

AU - Chen, Z.

AU - Sepúlveda, A.

AU - Ediger, M. D.

AU - Richert, Ranko

PY - 2013/3/28

Y1 - 2013/3/28

N2 - The transformation of vapor-deposited ultrastable glasses of indomethacin (IMC) into the supercooled liquid state near Tg is monitored by means of dielectric spectroscopy. Films with thickness between 400 and 800 nm are deposited on differential interdigitated electrode cells and their loss profiles are measured during isothermal annealing using a dual-channel impedance technique for frequencies between 0.03 and 100 Hz. All dielectric loss spectra observed during the transformation process can be explained by a volume fraction of the supercooled liquid that increases linearly with time. From the early stages of the transformation to the liquid that is formed via complete annealing of the ultrastable glass, the average dielectric relaxation time as well as the distribution of relaxation times of the liquid component are identical to those of the conventional liquid obtained by cooling the melt. The dependence of the transformation rate on the film thickness is consistent with a growth front mechanism for the direct conversion from the ultrastable glass to the equilibrium supercooled liquid. We conclude that the IMC liquid recovered from the ultrastable glass is structurally and dynamically identical to the conventional supercooled state.

AB - The transformation of vapor-deposited ultrastable glasses of indomethacin (IMC) into the supercooled liquid state near Tg is monitored by means of dielectric spectroscopy. Films with thickness between 400 and 800 nm are deposited on differential interdigitated electrode cells and their loss profiles are measured during isothermal annealing using a dual-channel impedance technique for frequencies between 0.03 and 100 Hz. All dielectric loss spectra observed during the transformation process can be explained by a volume fraction of the supercooled liquid that increases linearly with time. From the early stages of the transformation to the liquid that is formed via complete annealing of the ultrastable glass, the average dielectric relaxation time as well as the distribution of relaxation times of the liquid component are identical to those of the conventional liquid obtained by cooling the melt. The dependence of the transformation rate on the film thickness is consistent with a growth front mechanism for the direct conversion from the ultrastable glass to the equilibrium supercooled liquid. We conclude that the IMC liquid recovered from the ultrastable glass is structurally and dynamically identical to the conventional supercooled state.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84875788634&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84875788634&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.4771695

DO - 10.1063/1.4771695

M3 - Article

VL - 138

JO - Journal of Chemical Physics

JF - Journal of Chemical Physics

SN - 0021-9606

IS - 12

M1 - 12A519

ER -