Objective. This study examined the associations between trajectories of parents' behaviors and trajectories of children's sport and music motivational beliefs (i.e., self-concepts of abilities and values). Design. Mothers and fathers (N = 589) reported their modeling, provision of activity-related materials, encouragement, and parent-child coactivity when children were in 1st grade (M = 7.40 years, SD = .35) through 6th grade (M = 12.37 years, SD = .38). Children reported their self-concepts of ability and values in sports and music from 1st through 12th grade. Results. Mothers' behaviors at 1st grade positively predicted children's sport motivational beliefs at 1st grade and the change in children's music motivational beliefs from 1st to 6th grade. The change in fathers' behaviors from 1st to 6th grade positively predicted the change in children's motivational beliefs from 1st to 6th grade. Although parents' behaviors and children's motivational beliefs varied by child gender, only 2 of 36 relations among these indicators were different for girls and boys. Conclusions. Parents can use a variety of behaviors to promote both girls' and boys' self-concepts and values of sports and music.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Social Psychology