Do positive perceptions of correctional staff mitigate institutional violence among youthful offenders?

Colleen Brown, Adam Fine, Elizabeth Cauffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Juvenile justice facilities can be dangerous places for adolescents and may promote violent behavior among incarcerated youth. With high rates of violence among detained juveniles, youth who do not feel safe may resort to violent behavior to protect themselves. However, this cycle of violence may be interrupted if youth can turn to correctional staff for support. Using a 3-wave, longitudinal sample of 373 male incarcerated adolescents, the results indicated that compared with violence exposure prior to incarceration, exposure to institutional violence more strongly predicts violent behavior. Furthermore, the findings indicated that perceptions of staff serve as a buffer to violence exposure and may interrupt the cycle of violence. Policy implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-45
Number of pages8
JournalPsychology, Public Policy, and Law
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Exposure to violence
  • Perceptions of staff
  • Violent behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law

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