Discrimination and health among Asian American immigrants: Disentangling racial from language discrimination

Hyung Yoo, Gilbert C. Gee, David Takeuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined whether self-reported discrimination based on race and language was associated with the number of chronic health conditions among Asian American immigrants. We also examined whether these relationships were moderated by years in the United States. Data are from adults participating in an Asian American supplement to the 2001 Health Care Quality Survey. Language and racial discrimination in seeking health care were independently associated with increased number of chronic health conditions after controlling for age, sex, education, family income, health insurance, primary language, nativity, and ethnicity. Language discrimination was significantly associated with health conditions even with the presence of racial discrimination in the statistical model. Racial discrimination did not show a significant association in the full analytic model. The relationship between language discrimination and chronic conditions was stronger for Asian immigrants living in the USA 10 years or more compared to more recently arrived immigrants. Language discrimination may be an understudied type of discrimination associated with chronic illness among Asian Americans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)726-732
Number of pages7
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume68
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009

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Racism
Asian Americans
Language
discrimination
immigrant
Health
language
health
racism
health care
Health Care Surveys
Sex Education
Family Health
sex education
family income
Statistical Models
Health Insurance
health insurance
chronic illness
supplement

Keywords

  • Asian American
  • Chronic conditions
  • Immigrants
  • Language discrimination
  • Racial discrimination
  • USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Discrimination and health among Asian American immigrants : Disentangling racial from language discrimination. / Yoo, Hyung; Gee, Gilbert C.; Takeuchi, David.

In: Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 68, No. 4, 02.2009, p. 726-732.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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