Differences in cancer-risk-related behaviors in Latino and Anglo adults

John P. Elder, Felipe G. Castro, Carl de Moor, Joni Mayer, Jeanette I. Candelaria, Nadia Campbell, Gregory Talavera, Lisa M. Ware

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations

Abstract

Methods. Latino (n = 358) and Anglo (n = 113) adults living in the San Diego area were surveyed on nutrition, smoking, and cancer screening behaviors. The Latino respondents were dichotomized into a low (L-Latino) or high (H-Latino) acculturation group according to a median split of an acculturation index. Results. After controlling for age, years of education, gender, marital status, and income, significant cross-cultural differences were found in saturated fat/cholesterol avoidance, and fiber and high calorie food consumption. L-Latino respondents had the lowest degree of saturated fat/cholesterol avoidance, followed by H-Latinos and Anglos. A pattern of decreasing consumption with increasing acculturation was observed for fiber and high calorie foods. Significant differences were found among women in the prevalence of Pap smear exams, with L-Latinas having the lowest prevalence of ever and in the past year having had a Pap smear, followed by H-Latinas and Anglos. A similar significant pattern was observed among women 50 years of age or older with respect to the prevalence of ever having had a mammogram.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)751-763
Number of pages13
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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