Dietary management of cystic calculi in a horse

R. L. Remillard, Craig Thatcher, F. H. Welker, C. D. Thatcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Principles in the dietary management of urolithiasis which have been successful in small animal cases were implemented in an equine case. This article describes the dietary management of a horse which repeatedly formed calcium carbonate cystic calculi. Treatment management included progressively decreasing the ration calcium content to reduce the intake of calcium. In addition, urinary tract infections were controlled and urinary acidification was used to inhibit calcium carbonate formation. Successful management was achieved by feeding a 0.2% calcium oat hay ration and administering 175 mg ammonium sulfate per kg body weight orally twice daily for 7 months which produced a urine pH of 5.0. There was no evidence of metabolic acid/base imbalances nor skeletal depletion of calcium. The horse has been free of cystic calculi for an additional 30 months while adequately maintained on a nutritionally balanced oat hay ration. Reducing dietary calcium intake and urine pH are possible management procedures in the horse with recurrent cystic calculi.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-363
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Equine Veterinary Science
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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calculi
Calculi
Horses
Calcium
calcium
horses
Calcium Carbonate
calcium carbonate
Acid-Base Imbalance
Urine
hay
oats
Dietary Calcium
urine
Urolithiasis
Ammonium Sulfate
urinary tract diseases
Urinary Tract Infections
ammonium sulfate
Body Weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Equine

Cite this

Dietary management of cystic calculi in a horse. / Remillard, R. L.; Thatcher, Craig; Welker, F. H.; Thatcher, C. D.

In: Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, Vol. 12, No. 6, 1992, p. 359-363.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Remillard, R. L. ; Thatcher, Craig ; Welker, F. H. ; Thatcher, C. D. / Dietary management of cystic calculi in a horse. In: Journal of Equine Veterinary Science. 1992 ; Vol. 12, No. 6. pp. 359-363.
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