Development of the distance from privilege measures: A tool for understanding the persistence of talented women in STEM

Barbara A. Kerr, Karen D. Multon, Maggie L. Syme, Nancy M. Fry, Rhea Owens, Marie Hammond, Sharon Kurpius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations


This article reports on the development and validation of the Distance from Privilege (DFP) measures. Items for the measures were developed on theoretical grounds. The primary sample consisted of 292 undergraduates with various majors from a Midwestern University and a Historically Black University in the south. One of the measures is the DFP-Resources scale which consists of 11 items with two factors described as social capital and economic resources. The other measure is the DFP-Status scale that has 10 items and one factor. Results revealed that the DFP consists of two measures with good internal consistency and construct validity. Each measure accounts for a sufficiently high proportion of the overall variance and has moderately high stability over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)88-102
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Psychoeducational Assessment
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012



  • assessment
  • diversity
  • multicultural
  • privilege
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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