The electrostatic potential variation across etched-and-regrown GaN p-i-n diodes for power electronics has been studied using electron holography in a transmission electron microscope. The potential profiles have been correlated with the composition profiles of Mg, Si, and O obtained by secondary ion mass spectroscopy. Electronic charges obtained from the potential profiles correlate well with the presence of Si and O impurities at regrown interfaces. The overlap of Mg and Si when Mg doped GaN is grown directly over an etched undoped GaN surface results in the formation of a highly doped p-n junction. The introduction of a thin undoped layer over the etched GaN surface prevents the formation of such a junction as the regrowth interface is moved away from the Mg-doped GaN, and results in diodes with improved reverse leakage currents, close to the best values of continuously grown p-i-n diodes. Potential profiles of continuously grown (not etched) p-i-n diodes are compared to those of etched-and-regrown diodes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)