Detecting deception: Current models and directions

Richard I. Lanyon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Traditional procedures for detecting deception are based on the global-signs-of-lying model, with its assumption that certain universal, physiologically mediated signs result from attempts to deceive, independent of content. More recent attempts to detect deception can profitably be viewed from a cognitive rather than affective perspective: (a) in terms of accuracy of knowledge, in which a person's success at deception regarding a particular characteristic depends on the extent of his or her knowledge of that characteristic; and (b) in terms of attempts to personally influence the examiner. Such procedures have been successful in detecting simulation in psychopathology, amnesia, neurological disorders, pain, and other areas. They tend to be situation specific and to depend on empirically discovered differences between simulators and persons who possess the characteristic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-387
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Psychology: Science and Practice
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Keywords

  • Deception
  • Defensiveness
  • Faking
  • Malingering
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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