Desistance and Legitimacy: The Impact of Offender Notification Meetings on Recidivism among High Risk Offenders

Danielle Wallace, Andrew V. Papachristos, Tracey Meares, Jeffrey Fagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Legitimacy-based approaches to crime prevention assume that individuals will comply with the law when they believe that the law and its agents are legitimate and act in ways that are “fair” and “just.” Currently, legitimacy-based programs are shown to lower aggregate levels of crime; yet, no study has investigated whether such programs influence individual offending. Using quasi-experimental design and survival analyses, this study evaluates the effectiveness of one such program—Chicago’s Project Safe Neighborhoods’ (PSN) Offender Notification Forums—at reducing individual recidivism among a population of returning prisoners. Results suggest that involvement in PSN significantly reduces the risk of subsequent incarceration and is associated with significantly longer intervals that offenders remain on the street and out of prison. As the first study to provide individual-level evidence promoting legitimacy-based interventions on patterns of individual offending, out study suggests these interventions can and do reduce rates of recidivism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJustice Quarterly
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Sep 22 2015

Fingerprint

Illegitimacy
offender
legitimacy
Crime
Prisoners
Prisons
Survival Analysis
Research Design
crime prevention
Law
prisoner
correctional institution
Population
offense
evidence

Keywords

  • high risk offenders
  • legitimacy
  • procedural justice
  • recidivism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Desistance and Legitimacy : The Impact of Offender Notification Meetings on Recidivism among High Risk Offenders. / Wallace, Danielle; Papachristos, Andrew V.; Meares, Tracey; Fagan, Jeffrey.

In: Justice Quarterly, 22.09.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{22b6ded5d6c44c51ac988d0e4e63ef41,
title = "Desistance and Legitimacy: The Impact of Offender Notification Meetings on Recidivism among High Risk Offenders",
abstract = "Legitimacy-based approaches to crime prevention assume that individuals will comply with the law when they believe that the law and its agents are legitimate and act in ways that are “fair” and “just.” Currently, legitimacy-based programs are shown to lower aggregate levels of crime; yet, no study has investigated whether such programs influence individual offending. Using quasi-experimental design and survival analyses, this study evaluates the effectiveness of one such program—Chicago’s Project Safe Neighborhoods’ (PSN) Offender Notification Forums—at reducing individual recidivism among a population of returning prisoners. Results suggest that involvement in PSN significantly reduces the risk of subsequent incarceration and is associated with significantly longer intervals that offenders remain on the street and out of prison. As the first study to provide individual-level evidence promoting legitimacy-based interventions on patterns of individual offending, out study suggests these interventions can and do reduce rates of recidivism.",
keywords = "high risk offenders, legitimacy, procedural justice, recidivism",
author = "Danielle Wallace and Papachristos, {Andrew V.} and Tracey Meares and Jeffrey Fagan",
year = "2015",
month = "9",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1080/07418825.2015.1081262",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Justice Quarterly",
issn = "0741-8825",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Desistance and Legitimacy

T2 - The Impact of Offender Notification Meetings on Recidivism among High Risk Offenders

AU - Wallace, Danielle

AU - Papachristos, Andrew V.

AU - Meares, Tracey

AU - Fagan, Jeffrey

PY - 2015/9/22

Y1 - 2015/9/22

N2 - Legitimacy-based approaches to crime prevention assume that individuals will comply with the law when they believe that the law and its agents are legitimate and act in ways that are “fair” and “just.” Currently, legitimacy-based programs are shown to lower aggregate levels of crime; yet, no study has investigated whether such programs influence individual offending. Using quasi-experimental design and survival analyses, this study evaluates the effectiveness of one such program—Chicago’s Project Safe Neighborhoods’ (PSN) Offender Notification Forums—at reducing individual recidivism among a population of returning prisoners. Results suggest that involvement in PSN significantly reduces the risk of subsequent incarceration and is associated with significantly longer intervals that offenders remain on the street and out of prison. As the first study to provide individual-level evidence promoting legitimacy-based interventions on patterns of individual offending, out study suggests these interventions can and do reduce rates of recidivism.

AB - Legitimacy-based approaches to crime prevention assume that individuals will comply with the law when they believe that the law and its agents are legitimate and act in ways that are “fair” and “just.” Currently, legitimacy-based programs are shown to lower aggregate levels of crime; yet, no study has investigated whether such programs influence individual offending. Using quasi-experimental design and survival analyses, this study evaluates the effectiveness of one such program—Chicago’s Project Safe Neighborhoods’ (PSN) Offender Notification Forums—at reducing individual recidivism among a population of returning prisoners. Results suggest that involvement in PSN significantly reduces the risk of subsequent incarceration and is associated with significantly longer intervals that offenders remain on the street and out of prison. As the first study to provide individual-level evidence promoting legitimacy-based interventions on patterns of individual offending, out study suggests these interventions can and do reduce rates of recidivism.

KW - high risk offenders

KW - legitimacy

KW - procedural justice

KW - recidivism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84945241955&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84945241955&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/07418825.2015.1081262

DO - 10.1080/07418825.2015.1081262

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84945241955

JO - Justice Quarterly

JF - Justice Quarterly

SN - 0741-8825

ER -