Designing and assessing a sustainable networked delivery (SND) system: Hybrid business-to-consumer book delivery case study

Junbeum Kim, Ming Xu, Ramzy Kahhat, Braden Allenby, Eric Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


We attempted to design and assess an example of a sustainable networked delivery (SND) system: a hybrid business-to-consumer book delivery system. This system is intended to reduce costs, achieve significant reductions in energy consumption, and reduce environmental emissions of critical local pollutants and greenhouse gases. The energy consumption and concomitant emissions of this delivery system compared with existing alternative delivery systems were estimated. We found that regarding energy consumption, an emerging hybrid delivery system which is a sustainable networked delivery system (SND) would consume 47 and 7 times less than the traditional networked delivery system (TND) and e-commerce networked delivery system (END). Regarding concomitant emissions, in the case of C0 2, the SND system produced 32 and 7 times fewer emissions than the TND and END systems. Also the SND system offer meaningful economic benefit such as the costs of delivery and packaging, to the online retailer, grocery, and consumer. Our research results show that the SND system has a lot of possibilities to save local transportation energy consumption and delivery costs, and reduce environmental emissions in delivery system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-187
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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