Daily Associations between Emotions and Aggressive and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence

The Mediating and Moderating Role of Emotion Dysregulation

W. Andrew Rothenberg, Laura Di Giunta, Jennifer E. Lansford, Carolina Lunetti, Irene Fiasconaro, Emanuele Basili, Eriona Thartori, Ainzara Favini, Concetta Pastorelli, Nancy Eisenberg, Francesca D’ Amico, Martina Rosa, Flavia Cirimele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nearly half of adolescents experience depressive or aggressive symptoms that impair their functioning at some point in adolescence. Experiencing intense difficult emotions and difficulties regulating such emotions may lead to these depressive and aggressive symptoms. However, existing work largely investigates how adolescent emotions at a single time point predict adolescent depressive or aggressive symptoms months or years later. New investigations are needed to capture the dynamic, changing nature of adolescents’ daily experiences of emotions and symptoms of mental distress. Such investigations would further understanding of how emotions affect mental health in adolescents’ everyday lives. Answering this call, the present study investigated how emotion dysregulation moderated and mediated daily associations between sadness and depressive symptoms and between anger and aggression utilizing ecological momentary assessment in a community sample of 103 Italian adolescents (Mage = 16.77, SD = 0.78, range: 15–18 years old; 47% female). The results revealed that if an adolescent experienced higher-than-usual sadness or anger on a particular day, then they also experienced higher than usual depressive or aggressive symptoms, respectively. Emotion dysregulation mediated and moderated these associations. Adolescents with higher anger had greater difficulties regulating their anger, which led to higher aggressive symptoms (a mediating effect). If adolescents’ sadness was higher than usual on a given day, their depressive symptoms were more severe than usual if they also had higher than usual difficulties regulating sadness (a moderating effect). These findings contribute to our understanding of how emotions impact mental distress on a daily basis for adolescents, emphasize the importance of examining specific adolescent emotions, and shed new light on how emotional regulatory capacities influence emotions and mental health in adolescents’ everyday lives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of youth and adolescence
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

adolescence
Emotions
emotion
Depression
adolescent
Anger
anger
everyday life
Mental Health
mental health
Aggression
aggression
experience

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Anger
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Ecological momentary assessment
  • Emotion Regulation
  • Sadness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Daily Associations between Emotions and Aggressive and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence : The Mediating and Moderating Role of Emotion Dysregulation. / Rothenberg, W. Andrew; Di Giunta, Laura; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Lunetti, Carolina; Fiasconaro, Irene; Basili, Emanuele; Thartori, Eriona; Favini, Ainzara; Pastorelli, Concetta; Eisenberg, Nancy; Amico, Francesca D’; Rosa, Martina; Cirimele, Flavia.

In: Journal of youth and adolescence, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rothenberg, WA, Di Giunta, L, Lansford, JE, Lunetti, C, Fiasconaro, I, Basili, E, Thartori, E, Favini, A, Pastorelli, C, Eisenberg, N, Amico, FD, Rosa, M & Cirimele, F 2019, 'Daily Associations between Emotions and Aggressive and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence: The Mediating and Moderating Role of Emotion Dysregulation', Journal of youth and adolescence. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-01071-6
Rothenberg, W. Andrew ; Di Giunta, Laura ; Lansford, Jennifer E. ; Lunetti, Carolina ; Fiasconaro, Irene ; Basili, Emanuele ; Thartori, Eriona ; Favini, Ainzara ; Pastorelli, Concetta ; Eisenberg, Nancy ; Amico, Francesca D’ ; Rosa, Martina ; Cirimele, Flavia. / Daily Associations between Emotions and Aggressive and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence : The Mediating and Moderating Role of Emotion Dysregulation. In: Journal of youth and adolescence. 2019.
@article{7dc708ce2a994e96a96e3ac5d56cea34,
title = "Daily Associations between Emotions and Aggressive and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence: The Mediating and Moderating Role of Emotion Dysregulation",
abstract = "Nearly half of adolescents experience depressive or aggressive symptoms that impair their functioning at some point in adolescence. Experiencing intense difficult emotions and difficulties regulating such emotions may lead to these depressive and aggressive symptoms. However, existing work largely investigates how adolescent emotions at a single time point predict adolescent depressive or aggressive symptoms months or years later. New investigations are needed to capture the dynamic, changing nature of adolescents’ daily experiences of emotions and symptoms of mental distress. Such investigations would further understanding of how emotions affect mental health in adolescents’ everyday lives. Answering this call, the present study investigated how emotion dysregulation moderated and mediated daily associations between sadness and depressive symptoms and between anger and aggression utilizing ecological momentary assessment in a community sample of 103 Italian adolescents (Mage = 16.77, SD = 0.78, range: 15–18 years old; 47{\%} female). The results revealed that if an adolescent experienced higher-than-usual sadness or anger on a particular day, then they also experienced higher than usual depressive or aggressive symptoms, respectively. Emotion dysregulation mediated and moderated these associations. Adolescents with higher anger had greater difficulties regulating their anger, which led to higher aggressive symptoms (a mediating effect). If adolescents’ sadness was higher than usual on a given day, their depressive symptoms were more severe than usual if they also had higher than usual difficulties regulating sadness (a moderating effect). These findings contribute to our understanding of how emotions impact mental distress on a daily basis for adolescents, emphasize the importance of examining specific adolescent emotions, and shed new light on how emotional regulatory capacities influence emotions and mental health in adolescents’ everyday lives.",
keywords = "Aggression, Anger, Depressive symptoms, Ecological momentary assessment, Emotion Regulation, Sadness",
author = "Rothenberg, {W. Andrew} and {Di Giunta}, Laura and Lansford, {Jennifer E.} and Carolina Lunetti and Irene Fiasconaro and Emanuele Basili and Eriona Thartori and Ainzara Favini and Concetta Pastorelli and Nancy Eisenberg and Amico, {Francesca D’} and Martina Rosa and Flavia Cirimele",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10964-019-01071-6",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Youth and Adolescence",
issn = "0047-2891",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Daily Associations between Emotions and Aggressive and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence

T2 - The Mediating and Moderating Role of Emotion Dysregulation

AU - Rothenberg, W. Andrew

AU - Di Giunta, Laura

AU - Lansford, Jennifer E.

AU - Lunetti, Carolina

AU - Fiasconaro, Irene

AU - Basili, Emanuele

AU - Thartori, Eriona

AU - Favini, Ainzara

AU - Pastorelli, Concetta

AU - Eisenberg, Nancy

AU - Amico, Francesca D’

AU - Rosa, Martina

AU - Cirimele, Flavia

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Nearly half of adolescents experience depressive or aggressive symptoms that impair their functioning at some point in adolescence. Experiencing intense difficult emotions and difficulties regulating such emotions may lead to these depressive and aggressive symptoms. However, existing work largely investigates how adolescent emotions at a single time point predict adolescent depressive or aggressive symptoms months or years later. New investigations are needed to capture the dynamic, changing nature of adolescents’ daily experiences of emotions and symptoms of mental distress. Such investigations would further understanding of how emotions affect mental health in adolescents’ everyday lives. Answering this call, the present study investigated how emotion dysregulation moderated and mediated daily associations between sadness and depressive symptoms and between anger and aggression utilizing ecological momentary assessment in a community sample of 103 Italian adolescents (Mage = 16.77, SD = 0.78, range: 15–18 years old; 47% female). The results revealed that if an adolescent experienced higher-than-usual sadness or anger on a particular day, then they also experienced higher than usual depressive or aggressive symptoms, respectively. Emotion dysregulation mediated and moderated these associations. Adolescents with higher anger had greater difficulties regulating their anger, which led to higher aggressive symptoms (a mediating effect). If adolescents’ sadness was higher than usual on a given day, their depressive symptoms were more severe than usual if they also had higher than usual difficulties regulating sadness (a moderating effect). These findings contribute to our understanding of how emotions impact mental distress on a daily basis for adolescents, emphasize the importance of examining specific adolescent emotions, and shed new light on how emotional regulatory capacities influence emotions and mental health in adolescents’ everyday lives.

AB - Nearly half of adolescents experience depressive or aggressive symptoms that impair their functioning at some point in adolescence. Experiencing intense difficult emotions and difficulties regulating such emotions may lead to these depressive and aggressive symptoms. However, existing work largely investigates how adolescent emotions at a single time point predict adolescent depressive or aggressive symptoms months or years later. New investigations are needed to capture the dynamic, changing nature of adolescents’ daily experiences of emotions and symptoms of mental distress. Such investigations would further understanding of how emotions affect mental health in adolescents’ everyday lives. Answering this call, the present study investigated how emotion dysregulation moderated and mediated daily associations between sadness and depressive symptoms and between anger and aggression utilizing ecological momentary assessment in a community sample of 103 Italian adolescents (Mage = 16.77, SD = 0.78, range: 15–18 years old; 47% female). The results revealed that if an adolescent experienced higher-than-usual sadness or anger on a particular day, then they also experienced higher than usual depressive or aggressive symptoms, respectively. Emotion dysregulation mediated and moderated these associations. Adolescents with higher anger had greater difficulties regulating their anger, which led to higher aggressive symptoms (a mediating effect). If adolescents’ sadness was higher than usual on a given day, their depressive symptoms were more severe than usual if they also had higher than usual difficulties regulating sadness (a moderating effect). These findings contribute to our understanding of how emotions impact mental distress on a daily basis for adolescents, emphasize the importance of examining specific adolescent emotions, and shed new light on how emotional regulatory capacities influence emotions and mental health in adolescents’ everyday lives.

KW - Aggression

KW - Anger

KW - Depressive symptoms

KW - Ecological momentary assessment

KW - Emotion Regulation

KW - Sadness

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068967702&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85068967702&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10964-019-01071-6

DO - 10.1007/s10964-019-01071-6

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Youth and Adolescence

JF - Journal of Youth and Adolescence

SN - 0047-2891

ER -