Crowdsourcing geographic information for disaster response: A research frontier

Michael F. Goodchild, J. Alan Glennon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

528 Scopus citations

Abstract

Geographic data and tools are essential in all aspects of emergency management: Preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation. Geographic information created by amateur citizens, often known as volunteered geographic information, has recently provided an interesting alternative to traditional authoritative information from mapping agencies and corporations, and several recent papers have provided the beginnings of a literature on the more fundamental issues raised by this new source. Data quality is a major concern, since volunteered information is asserted and carries none of the assurances that lead to trust in officially created data. During emergencies time is the essence, and the risks associated with volunteered information are often outweighed by the benefits of its use.An example is discussed using the four wildfires that impacted the Santa Barbara area in 2007-2009, and lessons are drawn.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-241
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Digital Earth
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Crowdsourcing
  • Emergency management
  • Neogeography
  • Santa Barbara
  • Volunteered geographic information
  • Web 2.0
  • Wildfire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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