Crowdsourcing geographic information for disaster response

A research frontier

Michael Goodchild, J. Alan Glennon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

478 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Geographic data and tools are essential in all aspects of emergency management: Preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation. Geographic information created by amateur citizens, often known as volunteered geographic information, has recently provided an interesting alternative to traditional authoritative information from mapping agencies and corporations, and several recent papers have provided the beginnings of a literature on the more fundamental issues raised by this new source. Data quality is a major concern, since volunteered information is asserted and carries none of the assurances that lead to trust in officially created data. During emergencies time is the essence, and the risks associated with volunteered information are often outweighed by the benefits of its use.An example is discussed using the four wildfires that impacted the Santa Barbara area in 2007-2009, and lessons are drawn.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-241
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Digital Earth
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Disasters
disaster
Recovery
Industry
wildfire
data quality
mitigation
Crowdsourcing

Keywords

  • Crowdsourcing
  • Emergency management
  • Neogeography
  • Santa Barbara
  • Volunteered geographic information
  • Web 2.0
  • Wildfire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Software

Cite this

Crowdsourcing geographic information for disaster response : A research frontier. / Goodchild, Michael; Glennon, J. Alan.

In: International Journal of Digital Earth, Vol. 3, No. 3, 01.09.2010, p. 231-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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