Coupled organic synthesis and mineral alteration on meteorite parent bodies

Mitch Schulte, Everett Shock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hypothesis that the soluble fraction of the organic compounds present in carbonaceous chondrite meteorites was formed during aqueous alteration of the parent body was tested with mass-transfer, reaction-path calculations. In these calculations, we start with likely compositions of the original parent body and asteroidal fluids that are far from thermodynamic equilibrium, and metastable and stable equilibrium constraints are imposed as the total Gibbs free energy of the parent body environment is minimized. The results of these calculations suggest that the classes of soluble organic compounds present in carbonaceous chondrite meteorites could have formed during relatively low temperature aqueous alteration of the meteorite parent body or bodies. The main controls on the potential for synthesis and transformation of organic compounds were the oxidation state of the rock/fluid system, the bulk composition of that system, and the temperatures that were achieved during the alteration event or events. It also appears that the alteration mineral assemblages were influenced by the presence of soluble organic compounds and reaction among them.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1577-1590
Number of pages14
JournalMeteoritics and Planetary Science
Volume39
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2004

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meteorite parent bodies
mineral alteration
parent body
organic compounds
meteorite
organic compound
minerals
carbonaceous chondrites
carbonaceous chondrite
meteorites
synthesis
Gibbs free energy
body fluids
fluid
fluids
thermodynamic equilibrium
mass transfer
thermodynamics
rocks
oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics

Cite this

Coupled organic synthesis and mineral alteration on meteorite parent bodies. / Schulte, Mitch; Shock, Everett.

In: Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 39, No. 9, 09.2004, p. 1577-1590.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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