Convergence criteria establishment for 3D simulation of proton exchange membrane fuel cell

A. Arvay, A. Ahmed, Xihong Peng, Arunachala Mada Kannan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A validated 3 dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamics model of a single cell proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) was used for investigating convergence criteria. The simulation study was carried out using the commercial PEMFC simulation module built in to ANSYS FLUENT 12.1 software package and compared with published experimental data. Convergence data up to 19,000 iterations were collected in order to establish expectations for convergence errors and differences in convergence rates for different boundary conditions. Species mass fluxes and current density were used to perform a dual verification of experimentally verifiable simulation predictions. The results of the simulation showed that convergence trends were consistent for different boundary conditions and that the solution trends asymptotically to a final value with species mass flux errors approaching to constant values. The data were used to establish convergence criteria for future 3D PEMFC simulations where residual monitoring alone is insufficient to ensure convergence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2482-2489
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Fingerprint

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
fuel cells
membranes
protons
Mass transfer
Boundary conditions
simulation
Software packages
Dynamic models
Computational fluid dynamics
Current density
boundary conditions
Monitoring
trends
computational fluid dynamics
dynamic models
iteration
flux density
modules
current density

Keywords

  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Convergence criteria
  • Modeling and simulation
  • Proton exchange membrane fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Convergence criteria establishment for 3D simulation of proton exchange membrane fuel cell. / Arvay, A.; Ahmed, A.; Peng, Xihong; Mada Kannan, Arunachala.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 37, No. 3, 02.2012, p. 2482-2489.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1a200274ba9945fdaf73d1dac160f40e,
title = "Convergence criteria establishment for 3D simulation of proton exchange membrane fuel cell",
abstract = "A validated 3 dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamics model of a single cell proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) was used for investigating convergence criteria. The simulation study was carried out using the commercial PEMFC simulation module built in to ANSYS FLUENT 12.1 software package and compared with published experimental data. Convergence data up to 19,000 iterations were collected in order to establish expectations for convergence errors and differences in convergence rates for different boundary conditions. Species mass fluxes and current density were used to perform a dual verification of experimentally verifiable simulation predictions. The results of the simulation showed that convergence trends were consistent for different boundary conditions and that the solution trends asymptotically to a final value with species mass flux errors approaching to constant values. The data were used to establish convergence criteria for future 3D PEMFC simulations where residual monitoring alone is insufficient to ensure convergence.",
keywords = "Computational fluid dynamics, Convergence criteria, Modeling and simulation, Proton exchange membrane fuel cell",
author = "A. Arvay and A. Ahmed and Xihong Peng and {Mada Kannan}, Arunachala",
year = "2012",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.11.005",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "37",
pages = "2482--2489",
journal = "International Journal of Hydrogen Energy",
issn = "0360-3199",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Convergence criteria establishment for 3D simulation of proton exchange membrane fuel cell

AU - Arvay, A.

AU - Ahmed, A.

AU - Peng, Xihong

AU - Mada Kannan, Arunachala

PY - 2012/2

Y1 - 2012/2

N2 - A validated 3 dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamics model of a single cell proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) was used for investigating convergence criteria. The simulation study was carried out using the commercial PEMFC simulation module built in to ANSYS FLUENT 12.1 software package and compared with published experimental data. Convergence data up to 19,000 iterations were collected in order to establish expectations for convergence errors and differences in convergence rates for different boundary conditions. Species mass fluxes and current density were used to perform a dual verification of experimentally verifiable simulation predictions. The results of the simulation showed that convergence trends were consistent for different boundary conditions and that the solution trends asymptotically to a final value with species mass flux errors approaching to constant values. The data were used to establish convergence criteria for future 3D PEMFC simulations where residual monitoring alone is insufficient to ensure convergence.

AB - A validated 3 dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamics model of a single cell proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) was used for investigating convergence criteria. The simulation study was carried out using the commercial PEMFC simulation module built in to ANSYS FLUENT 12.1 software package and compared with published experimental data. Convergence data up to 19,000 iterations were collected in order to establish expectations for convergence errors and differences in convergence rates for different boundary conditions. Species mass fluxes and current density were used to perform a dual verification of experimentally verifiable simulation predictions. The results of the simulation showed that convergence trends were consistent for different boundary conditions and that the solution trends asymptotically to a final value with species mass flux errors approaching to constant values. The data were used to establish convergence criteria for future 3D PEMFC simulations where residual monitoring alone is insufficient to ensure convergence.

KW - Computational fluid dynamics

KW - Convergence criteria

KW - Modeling and simulation

KW - Proton exchange membrane fuel cell

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84855822162&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84855822162&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.11.005

DO - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.11.005

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84855822162

VL - 37

SP - 2482

EP - 2489

JO - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

JF - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

SN - 0360-3199

IS - 3

ER -