Control and causation as factors in the affective value of positive events

Elin B. Strand, John W. Reich, Alex J. Zautra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Positive events were differentiated according to their degree of categories of personal control and causation and were related to positive affect (PA), and negative affect (NA), and to the degree of the PA-NA relationship. Arthritis patients and healthy controls were interviewed for 12-20 weeks on life events and PA and NA. Baseline measures on extraversion and neuroticism also were assessed as possible confounds in multilevel modeling tests of events and affect relationships. Results showed that positive controllable and internally caused events (PCI) and positive uncontrollable and externally caused events (PUE) were related to increased PA. PUE were related to increased NA, while PCI events were related to reduced NA. As predicted, there was a significant interaction of PCI events on the PA-NA relationship, relating to a reduced inverse correlation between the affects. The data suggest that causation of positive events is a significant factor in emotional complexity. Implications of the results are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-519
Number of pages17
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007

Fingerprint

Causality
Arthritis

Keywords

  • Causation
  • Control
  • Negative affect
  • Positive affect
  • Positive events

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Control and causation as factors in the affective value of positive events. / Strand, Elin B.; Reich, John W.; Zautra, Alex J.

In: Cognitive Therapy and Research, Vol. 31, No. 4, 08.2007, p. 503-519.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Strand, Elin B. ; Reich, John W. ; Zautra, Alex J. / Control and causation as factors in the affective value of positive events. In: Cognitive Therapy and Research. 2007 ; Vol. 31, No. 4. pp. 503-519.
@article{04fbd63259914899b7d1230d23d7473c,
title = "Control and causation as factors in the affective value of positive events",
abstract = "Positive events were differentiated according to their degree of categories of personal control and causation and were related to positive affect (PA), and negative affect (NA), and to the degree of the PA-NA relationship. Arthritis patients and healthy controls were interviewed for 12-20 weeks on life events and PA and NA. Baseline measures on extraversion and neuroticism also were assessed as possible confounds in multilevel modeling tests of events and affect relationships. Results showed that positive controllable and internally caused events (PCI) and positive uncontrollable and externally caused events (PUE) were related to increased PA. PUE were related to increased NA, while PCI events were related to reduced NA. As predicted, there was a significant interaction of PCI events on the PA-NA relationship, relating to a reduced inverse correlation between the affects. The data suggest that causation of positive events is a significant factor in emotional complexity. Implications of the results are discussed.",
keywords = "Causation, Control, Negative affect, Positive affect, Positive events",
author = "Strand, {Elin B.} and Reich, {John W.} and Zautra, {Alex J.}",
year = "2007",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1007/s10608-006-9028-7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "503--519",
journal = "Cognitive Therapy and Research",
issn = "0147-5916",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Control and causation as factors in the affective value of positive events

AU - Strand, Elin B.

AU - Reich, John W.

AU - Zautra, Alex J.

PY - 2007/8

Y1 - 2007/8

N2 - Positive events were differentiated according to their degree of categories of personal control and causation and were related to positive affect (PA), and negative affect (NA), and to the degree of the PA-NA relationship. Arthritis patients and healthy controls were interviewed for 12-20 weeks on life events and PA and NA. Baseline measures on extraversion and neuroticism also were assessed as possible confounds in multilevel modeling tests of events and affect relationships. Results showed that positive controllable and internally caused events (PCI) and positive uncontrollable and externally caused events (PUE) were related to increased PA. PUE were related to increased NA, while PCI events were related to reduced NA. As predicted, there was a significant interaction of PCI events on the PA-NA relationship, relating to a reduced inverse correlation between the affects. The data suggest that causation of positive events is a significant factor in emotional complexity. Implications of the results are discussed.

AB - Positive events were differentiated according to their degree of categories of personal control and causation and were related to positive affect (PA), and negative affect (NA), and to the degree of the PA-NA relationship. Arthritis patients and healthy controls were interviewed for 12-20 weeks on life events and PA and NA. Baseline measures on extraversion and neuroticism also were assessed as possible confounds in multilevel modeling tests of events and affect relationships. Results showed that positive controllable and internally caused events (PCI) and positive uncontrollable and externally caused events (PUE) were related to increased PA. PUE were related to increased NA, while PCI events were related to reduced NA. As predicted, there was a significant interaction of PCI events on the PA-NA relationship, relating to a reduced inverse correlation between the affects. The data suggest that causation of positive events is a significant factor in emotional complexity. Implications of the results are discussed.

KW - Causation

KW - Control

KW - Negative affect

KW - Positive affect

KW - Positive events

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34547190684&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34547190684&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10608-006-9028-7

DO - 10.1007/s10608-006-9028-7

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:34547190684

VL - 31

SP - 503

EP - 519

JO - Cognitive Therapy and Research

JF - Cognitive Therapy and Research

SN - 0147-5916

IS - 4

ER -