Contributions of Three Criminological Theories to Explore Violent Delinquency of Urban Adolescents in Chicago’s Southside

Jun Sung Hong, Jungtae Choi, Luz E. Robinson, Anthony A. Peguero, Dorothy L. Espelage, Dexter R. Voisin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aims to compare the applicability of the Social Disorganization Theory, General Strain Theory, and Social Control Theory in the exploration of violent delinquency in Chicago’s Southside. The study participants included 546 adolescents in Chicago. Descriptive statistics, bivariate correlation, and multivariate regression analyses were conducted. Supporting the Social Disorganization Theory, affiliation with delinquent peers mediated the association between poor neighborhood conditions and delinquency. Supporting the General Strain Theory, emotional distress mediated the relationship between peer victimization and delinquency. Inconsistent with the Social Control Theory, however, religiosity did not buffer the relationship between feeling disconnected from parents and delinquency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-40
Number of pages18
JournalJuvenile and Family Court Journal
Volume72
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • delinquency
  • protective factors
  • risk factors
  • urban
  • violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Law

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