Continuous Sorter for Microparticles, Nanoparticles and Crystals

Alexandra Ros (Inventor)

Research output: Patent

Abstract

Continuously sorting targeted particles or cells from a mixture of different particles or cells plays a critical role in many chemical, biological and biomedical applications. Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is a typical electrokinetic method for non-invasive particle sorting. Because electric fields can be scaled down easily at the microscale, many Lab-on-a-chip systems for microparticles or cell sorting were developed using DEP forces. The existing sorting devices achieve particle sorting either by AC-DEP or DC-DEP. Devices using AC-DEP requires a complicated embedded microelectrode. While devices using DC-DEP only requires a type of insulating materials, which makes the system more robust and easier to fabricate. However, devices using insulator based DC-DEP techniques need high voltage and lack "tunability" or the ability to be reconfigured for sorting other types of particles. Researchers are working on improving the insulator based DC-DEP techniques for microparticle and cell sorting purpose. Current research at ASU has developed technology that is designed to solve the problems associated with insulator based DC-DEP techniques. The innovative microfluidic device separates micro and nanoparticles based on size using a combination of insulator based DC-DEP and electrokinesis. It improves upon existing sorting devices by tuning dielectrophoretic focusing versus electrokinetic forces. By doing so, this new device can sort even smaller particles and can be reconfigured for sorting other particles. The new device also utilized a new type of insulating material, which is cheaper and easier to fabricate. Relatively low DC potentials (max. ~100V/cm) are applied to the device for dielectrophoretic focusing. Potential Applications Bioanalyzer fs-Nanocrystallography Food pathogen detection Medical devices for diseases diagnosis Environmental analysis tool Benefits and Advantages Capability of sorting smaller particles improved from the order of 1-10 m to several m-100 nm in diameter. New insulating material easier to fabricate Low electric field The maximum electric field is ~3 times lower Tunability device can be reconfigured for separating other particles. Lab-on-a-chip advantages portable, small, cheap and robust Download Original PDF For more information about the inventor(s) and their research, please see Dr. Alexandra Ros' directory webpage
Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Sep 18 2012

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Electrophoresis
Sorting
Nanoparticles
Crystals
Insulating materials
Lab-on-a-chip
Electric fields
Cells
Microelectrodes
Pathogens
Microfluidics
Tuning
Electric potential

Cite this

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abstract = "Continuously sorting targeted particles or cells from a mixture of different particles or cells plays a critical role in many chemical, biological and biomedical applications. Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is a typical electrokinetic method for non-invasive particle sorting. Because electric fields can be scaled down easily at the microscale, many Lab-on-a-chip systems for microparticles or cell sorting were developed using DEP forces. The existing sorting devices achieve particle sorting either by AC-DEP or DC-DEP. Devices using AC-DEP requires a complicated embedded microelectrode. While devices using DC-DEP only requires a type of insulating materials, which makes the system more robust and easier to fabricate. However, devices using insulator based DC-DEP techniques need high voltage and lack {"}tunability{"} or the ability to be reconfigured for sorting other types of particles. Researchers are working on improving the insulator based DC-DEP techniques for microparticle and cell sorting purpose. Current research at ASU has developed technology that is designed to solve the problems associated with insulator based DC-DEP techniques. The innovative microfluidic device separates micro and nanoparticles based on size using a combination of insulator based DC-DEP and electrokinesis. It improves upon existing sorting devices by tuning dielectrophoretic focusing versus electrokinetic forces. By doing so, this new device can sort even smaller particles and can be reconfigured for sorting other particles. The new device also utilized a new type of insulating material, which is cheaper and easier to fabricate. Relatively low DC potentials (max. ~100V/cm) are applied to the device for dielectrophoretic focusing. Potential Applications Bioanalyzer fs-Nanocrystallography Food pathogen detection Medical devices for diseases diagnosis Environmental analysis tool Benefits and Advantages Capability of sorting smaller particles improved from the order of 1-10 m to several m-100 nm in diameter. New insulating material easier to fabricate Low electric field The maximum electric field is ~3 times lower Tunability device can be reconfigured for separating other particles. Lab-on-a-chip advantages portable, small, cheap and robust Download Original PDF For more information about the inventor(s) and their research, please see Dr. Alexandra Ros' directory webpage",
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