Cognitive informatics in biomedicine and healthcare

Vimla L. Patel, Thomas G. Kannampallil

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cognitive Informatics (CI) is a burgeoning interdisciplinary domain comprising of the cognitive and information sciences that focuses on human information processing, mechanisms and processes within the context of computing and computer applications. Based on a review of articles published in the Journal of Biomedical Informatics (JBI) between January 2001 and March 2014, we identified 57 articles that focused on topics related to cognitive informatics. We found that while the acceptance of CI into the mainstream informatics research literature is relatively recent, its impact has been significant - from characterizing the limits of clinician problem-solving and reasoning behavior, to describing coordination and communication patterns of distributed clinical teams, to developing sustainable and cognitively-plausible interventions for supporting clinician activities. Additionally, we found that most research contributions fell under the topics of decision-making, usability and distributed team activities with a focus on studying behavioral and cognitive aspects of clinical personnel, as they performed their activities or interacted with health information systems. We summarize our findings within the context of the current areas of CI research, future research directions and current and future challenges for CI researchers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-14
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biomedical Informatics
Volume53
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Cognitive informatics
  • Decision-making
  • Errors
  • Human Computer Interaction (HCI)
  • Usability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Health Informatics

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