Child care subsidies and child development

Chris Herbst, Erdal Tekin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Child care subsidies are an important part of federal and state efforts to move welfare recipients into employment. One of the criticisms of the current subsidy system, however, is that it overemphasizes work and does little to encourage parents to purchase high-quality child care. Consequently, there are reasons to be concerned about the implications of child care subsidies for child development. In this paper, we provide a systematic assessment of the association between subsidy receipt and a wide range of child outcomes. Drawing on rich data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, we document a negative relationship between child care subsidies and child development. In particular, our results suggest that subsidy receipt in the year before kindergarten is associated with lower reading and math test scores and greater behavior problems at kindergarten entry. Some of these negative effects persist until the end of kindergarten. A potential explanation for the poorer outcomes is that subsidized children are more likely to receive intense exposure to low-quality child care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)618-638
Number of pages21
JournalEconomics of Education Review
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010

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child care
subsidy
kindergarten
welfare recipient
purchase
Subsidies
Child care subsidies
Child development
longitudinal study
parents
criticism
childhood
Child care

Keywords

  • Child care subsidies
  • Child development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Education

Cite this

Child care subsidies and child development. / Herbst, Chris; Tekin, Erdal.

In: Economics of Education Review, Vol. 29, No. 4, 08.2010, p. 618-638.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Herbst, Chris ; Tekin, Erdal. / Child care subsidies and child development. In: Economics of Education Review. 2010 ; Vol. 29, No. 4. pp. 618-638.
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