Synthesis and characterization of new nanocomposites of V2O5 and a sulfonated, alkylated polyaniline derivative [poly (N-propane sulfonic acid aniline), PSPAN] are described. Two types of PSPAN-V2O5 nanocomposites have been produced, one by reaction of vanadium triisopropoxide solutions with N-propane sulfonic acid aniline and one by addition of H2O2 to these same solutions. Nanocomposites are characterized using thermal gravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), cyclic voltammetry, chronopotentiometry, and impedance spectroscopy. The increase of the 001 reflection spacing, X-ray diffraction results show that the polymer is intercalated into the V2O5 interlayer region, consistent with the nanocomposite nature of the material. The DSC and infrared data suggest that water coordinated to vanadium sites exposed to the interlayer region is lost during formation of the nanocomposite. SEMs show that, in contrast to the relatively flat and featureless V2O5·1.6H2O thin films, the nanocomposites are highly textured and have quite small feature sizes. Electrochemical results show that some of the nanocomposites have larger specific capacity (307 Ah/kg) and faster reduction kinetics than V2O5·16.H2O and similar cyclability. The relevance of these results to general approaches to the production of nanocomposites for Li secondary battery cathodes is discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry