Advances in vision processing have ignited a proliferation of mobile vision applications, including augmented reality. However, limited by the inability to rapidly reconfigure sensor operation for performance-efficiency tradeoffs, high power consumption causes vision applications to drain the device’s battery. To explore the potential impact of enabling rapid reconfiguration, we use a case study around marker-based pose estimation to understand the relationship between image frame resolution, task accuracy, and energy efficiency. Our case study motivates that to balance energy efficiency and task accuracy, the application needs to dynamically and frequently reconfigure sensor resolution. To explore the latency bottlenecks to sensor resolution reconfiguration, we define and profile the end-to-end reconfiguration latency and frame-to-frame latency of changing capture resolution on a Google LG Nexus 5X device. We identify three major sources of sensor resolution reconfiguration latency in current Android systems: (i) sequential configuration patterns, (ii) expensive system calls, and (iii) imaging pipeline delay. Based on our intuitions, we propose a redesign of the Android camera system to mitigate the sources of latency. Enabling smooth transitions between sensor configurations will unlock new classes of adaptive-resolution vision applications.