Channel Estimation for Hybrid Architecture-Based Wideband Millimeter Wave Systems

Kiran Venugopal, Ahmed Alkhateeb, Nuria Gonzalez Prelcic, Robert W. Heath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

251 Scopus citations


Hybrid analog and digital precoding allows millimeter wave (mmWave) systems to achieve both array and multiplexing gain. The design of the hybrid precoders and combiners, though, is usually based on the knowledge of the channel. Prior work on mmWave channel estimation with hybrid architectures focused on narrowband channels. Since mmWave systems will be wideband with frequency selectivity, it is vital to develop channel estimation solutions for hybrid architectures-based wideband mmWave systems. In this paper, we develop a sparse formulation and compressed sensing-based solutions for the wideband mmWave channel estimation problem for hybrid architectures. First, we leverage the sparse structure of the frequency-selective mmWave channels and formulate the channel estimation problem as a sparse recovery in both time and frequency domains. Then, we propose explicit channel estimation techniques for purely time or frequency domains and for combined time/frequency domains. Our solutions are suitable for both single carrier-frequency domain equalization and orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing systems. Simulation results show that the proposed solutions achieve good channel estimation quality, while requiring small training overhead. Leveraging the hybrid architecture at the transceivers gives further improvement in estimation error performance and achievable rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7961152
Pages (from-to)1996-2009
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • IEEE 802.11ad
  • Millimeter wave communications
  • channel estimation
  • compressed sensing
  • frequency-selective channel
  • hybrid precoder-combiner
  • multi-stream MIMO
  • sparse recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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