Changes in white college students' color-blind racial ideology over 4 years: Do diversity experiences make a difference?

Helen A. Neville, V. Paul Poteat, Jioni A. Lewis, Lisa Spanierman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this longitudinal study, we explored how White students' (N = 857) color-blind racial ideology (CBRI; i.e., beliefs that serve to deny, minimize, and/or distort the existence of racism) changed over time and the factors associated with these patterns of change. Specifically, we investigated whether gender, diversity attitudes (i.e., openness to diversity and interest in social issues), and college diversity experiences (i.e., diversity-related courses/activities and close interracial friendships) predicted patterns of CBRI change. Findings indicated that gender and diversity attitudes were related to initial levels of CBRI, such that women and students who were more open to diversity issues at the beginning of college were more likely to report lower levels of CBRI; gender was also related to a greater decrease in CBRI changes over the college experience. Furthermore, college diversity experiences predicted changes in CBRI over time, such that students who completed a greater number of diversity courses and activities and those who had a greater number of close Black friends showed a significantly greater decrease in CBRI over their 4 years in college; interestingly, students who reported having no Latino friends compared with having some close Latino friends showed a significantly greater decrease in CBRI over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-190
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of counseling psychology
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • College students
  • Color-blind racial ideology
  • Contact hypothesis
  • Diversity courses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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