Campbell and Christopher criticized the literature on moral development and altruism for its reliance on Kantian presuppositions and suggested alternative ways to view morality. Although their arguments are convincing in regard to the importance of considering other conceptions of morality, a number of their assertions in regard to work on altruism and prosocial behavior are less convincing. Campbell and Christopher based some of their conclusions on questionable definitions of prosocial behavior and altruism, incorrect assumptions about others' assertions and beliefs, and reference to a limited portion of the research on prosocial behavior. These and other limitations of Campbell and Christopher's assertions are discussed. In addition, research pertaining to factors viewed by Campbell and Christopher as neglected in moral development theory is briefly reviewed. It is suggested that Kantian presuppositions have played only a minor role in theory and research on prosocial development.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health